Ap World History Chaoters 1-6

Topics: Agriculture, Shang Dynasty, Mesopotamia Pages: 10 (3587 words) Published: August 9, 2013
Joseph Boasiako
AP World History
Chapter 1 EvolutionAugust 1, 2013
Cues| Notes|
Before History (Lucy)| A Woman said to have died 3.2 million years ago, whose skeleton was referred to as AL 288-1, scientists and archeologists. | Evolution of Homo Sapiens| Were said to have evolved about two hundred years ago. Homo sapiens or Human species are to have similar external features, and basic elements of genetic makeup and body chemistry- DNA, chromosomal patterns, life-sustaining proteins, and blood types with large apes. | The HominidsAustralopithecus | * A creature belonging to the family Hominidae, which includes human and humanlike species. * Australopithecus genus evolved in eastern Africa around 4 million years ago before spreading throughout the continent and eventually becoming extinct 2 million years ago.| Homo Erectus| An extinct species of hominine that lived from the end of the Pliocene epoch to the later Pleistocene. They were more sophisticated than the Australopithecus, because they had larger brains that improved their quality of life.| Homo Sapiens| They evolved from the Homo Erectus, also having large brains but, but less strength, but that was no factor, as their intelligence helped them in the contest of survival.| Paleolithic Society| “The old stone age” Where human beings foraged for their food, they hunted wild animals or gathered products of naturally growing plants.| Paleolithic Culture| Paleolithic society was a hunter gatherer economy, Humans hunted wild animals for meat and gathered food, firewood, and materials for their tools, clothes, or shelters Human population density was very low, around only one person per square mile.| Cave Paintings| Cro- Magnon people, from the Paleolithic culture usually painted their caves to beautify their living space. They used artistic and knowledgeable ways to get their colors together. | The Neolithic Era and the transition to agriculture | Neolithic era “new stone age” A period where peoples relied more on cultivation rather than foraging. This age of cultivation caused problems for foragers, which then resulted in limiting populations of foragers. | Early Agricultural Society| As a result of agriculture, there was a human population explosion, which then took farming to another level, in the sense of keeping animals. Because cultivation allowed for more leisure, humans then evolved their art skills that came to include pottery, metallurgy, and textile production. | Neolithic Culture| Neolithic farmers developed a sense of recognizing seasons, so they knew by positions of the sun, moon and stars what was expected. Also due to nature, they had a sense of religion, and over time began to make idolized gods of worship. | Origins of Urban Life | Cultivators, animal keepers, specialized laborers get classified as a certain society. i.e. The city, and foragers the opposite, leading to more societal changes to agriculture.| Summary

Australopithecus, were not apes but were in the family of hominids, they were sophisticated animals, that walked on both legs, as time went on the way humans beings, relied more on brain intelligence, rather than strength , as in the Homo erectus to the Homo sapiens, intelligence allowed for the means of cultivation, specialized labor, work based societies and religion. |

Chapter 2 Early Societies in South-West Asia and the Indo-European Migrations Cues| Notes|
Gilgamesh His role in ancient Mesopotamia? | A king who ruled about 2750 B.C.E. ago for a period of 126 years. He was known to be the central figure in many folklores, heroics, and poems.| Mesopotamia| Two Greek words that mean “the land between the rivers” refer to the fertile valleys of Tigris and Euphrates. These waters helped farmers back then to produce bountifully even though rain was scarce in Mesopotamia. The cultivation of plants increased populations...
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