Chapter Objectives: When you finish studying this chapter you should be able to answer the following questions.
In what ways has the environments of India and Southeast Asia influenced the choice of the livelihood of the people, as well as the development of distinct social and governmental structures.
How did India evolve into a complex social system and three distinct religious systems to meet the needs of its society
How did the region of Southeast Asia develop into a major trading center, and how sophisticated government systems and social structures arose both from native traditions and as a result of outside influence from India and China
What Indian scientific and technological advancements developed between 1500 B.C.E. and 1100 C.E. and which of them still influence us today.
Why do scholars focus on religious documents to understand ancient India?
What was the underlying message of the process of reincarnation?
Explain the advances in science and technology in ancient India. What major advancements were made?
Explain the Indian social pyramid. How did it come about? How is it manifested in Indian history? What is its purpose? How successful a social system is it?
What environmental benefits does Southeast Asia have? How did native people exploit those beneficial attributes?
Compare and contrast the Gupta Empire and the Srivijayan states. How did each control the population, raise money and stay in power.
Why might Indians have come up with the concept of zero?
Section 1: Foundations of Indian Civilization – pgs 151-60
1. According to the book, what can be said to contribute to India’s diversity?
2. Northern India is bordered by the
3. Three harvests each year have been possible in some parts of India because of
4. The Vedic Age was a new historical period in India marked by
5. The varna system developed in order to create