top-rated free essay

Ap Us History Study Notes

By rachelann6 Dec 26, 2012 1480 Words
Study Guide Chapter 20-Progressivism
Progressive Beliefs
Gilded Age| Progressivism|
Gospel of Wealth * Rich=good=heaven * Poor=bad=sinner=hell * Wealth= an outward sign of wealth * You are a failure if you don’t have wealthHuman Existence=Atomist * You are nothing but a don’t * Random, chaotic mess * Solitary existence| Social Gospel * Interconnectedness * Christian notion of love * Brotherly love, uplifting, “together” * Connected as peopleHuman Existence= Connection * People connected together * Pulling up and down * Make land clean * Reform to help neighbor= pro-reform| Social Darwinism * Survival of the fittest * Natural law reigns for government, social economic| Reform Darwinism * Because church attendance dropped off * Not living in nature so can’t use natural law * Protection of weak, not destruction * Justice, morality, charityAltruism= capable of committing selfless acts, only possible with humans=not in nature| Liberty of Contract * Prevent reform * Private business owner cannot be told what to do| Legal Pragmatism * Shift to reform * Balance=principle + common good * Principle=idealist , protect wildlife, right to bear arms * Common good=realist, electricity, people getting shot * Shift for between|

* Tended to be educated, middleclass, women
* Had downtime
* Idea that society being unfair
* Symbolizes what America could have been
Hull House
* Lead by Jane Addams
* Nature vs. nurture= nurture
* Based on immigrants=responsibility to teach them the new ways of life * Early community centers= Hull House(1st)
* Social gospel belief that it is OUR city
Rise of Professions
* Profession now= need degree, license
* Created special requirements to do a job
* Ex=AOA/Barr Association set standard
* Positive standard
* Protects the consumer
* Journalists that targeted big businesses
* Job of the media to watch for common good
* Realize that people of power will corrupt good
* Expose bad and corruption
* Ex. Jungle Claire
* Says Spanish/American war caused more death by disease than by bullets * Pure Food/Drug Act= regulates food
* Ida Claire=showed corruption of Rockefeller oil
Social Gospel
* Interconnectedness
* Christian notion of love
* Brotherly love, uplifting, together
* Pro-reform= help neighbor
* Caused by muckrakers moralistic tone= outrage of society and economic injustice and lead to religious reform * Religion with reform=moral component to redeem lives of even least favored people Salvation Army

* Salvation Army=Christian welfare organization
* Like a military, with officers
* Materials + service to urban poor
* Started by Father John Ryan left in parish to serve in troubled cities * Expanding scope of catholic, social welfare groups
* Rich man helps out poor man
* Belief of humanitarian evolution of social fabric
Woman+ Suffrage
* Right to vote 19th Amendment 1920
* 60s= reproductive rights +employment rights
Initiative + Referendum and Direct primers + recall
* Many progressives turned to state government for reform * Scorn on state legislature = incompetent, corrupt party bosses * Wanted to increase power of the electorate
* Initiative= reformers allowed to avoid state legislature by submitting new legislation directly to voters in general elections * Referendum= provided a method by which actions of the legislature could be returned to the electorate for approval. * Legislative action directly to people for approval

* 1928 20 states had
* Limit power of the party + improve quality of the officials * Direct primaries= attempt to take the selection of candidates away from bosses and give it to the people * People, not bosses choose candidates

* In south= an effort to limit black voting, to create primary voting * Recall= gave voters right to remove a public office official from office at a special election * Could be given when a sufficient number of citizens signed a petition * Limits the political machines

* 17th Amendment= senators appointed by popular vote (vote of the people) and not elected by state legislature because caused corruption Triangle Shirtwaist fire
* 1911 New York
* Terrible fire in Triangle Shirt Company
* 146 workers died
* Many trapped inside because management emergency exits to prevent malingering * State commission delivered report calling for reform in labor conditions * Responding to intense women’s groups and labor unions * Support from and reforms lead by Tammany Democrats

* Robert f. Wagner + Alfred E. Smith
* Created labor laws that imposed regulations on factory owners and established mechanism African American Reform
* Progressive era= challenges to existing norms
* AAs faced legal, social, economic obstacles in challenging their oppressed status and seeking reforms * Brooker T Washington’s beliefs were embraced
* =self improvement instead of long-term social change * Supported black colleges
* win over white population by adapting middle class values * W.E.B. Du Bois=goals to eliminate prejudice and injustice * immediate civil rights and professional education
* argued talented percentage in blacks
* The souls of black people = attack of Washington, saying he encouraged whites to continue segregation * Said talented blacks should demand university education, should aspire to be professionals * Fight for civil rights not wait to be granted

* Launched Niagara Movement
* Formed national association for the advancement of colored people (NAACP) * Used federal lawsuits in pursuit of equal rights
* Guinn v. United States= grandfather clause found unconstitutional * Buchanan v. Worley= court outlawed Kentucky law of requiring residential segregation * Leading black organization

* Issue of lynching= advocate law to make it illegal
* Elimination of alcohol to restore societal order
* Idea that drunkenness spawned violence
* Wives wanted temperance to reform behavior + improve life, stop family probs * Employers thought alcohol impeded efficiency
* Saloons=centrals of political machine institution
* 1873 Women’s Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) Frances Willard joined Anti-Saloon League * Pressed legislation for the abolition of salons and prohibition of manufacturing and sale of alcohol * Entry into World War pushed for prohibition+ opposition to alcohol by immigrants, working class voters, rural fundamentalists= Amendment 18 * 1929, prohibited alcohol

* Reformers thought that immigrants created social problems * Some wanted to help assimilate others wanted to limit flow of new immigrants * Immigrants polluting nation’s racial stock
* Eugenics movement= science of altering the reproductive process to produce new hybrids or breeds, science of improving population by controlling breeding * Racial science
* Used to define some races better than others, grade races on characteristics to determine “fitness” in society * Want sterilization of human race, some people seen unfit, done against “retarded” * Human inequalities= hereditary

* Nazis=culmination of racial science
* Ex. Non-anglo E. Europeans and Asians
* Carnegie Foundation funded = turning eugenics in a method to alter human reproduction * Madison Grant, Passing of the Great race = biggest nativist, advocated protecting purity of anglo-saxon * Tied together eugenics and nativism

* Congress’s Dillingham Report= new immigrants less assimilable than other groups * Restrictions should be based on nationality for immigration * Thought to be solution against urban crowding, unemployment, strained social services + unrest Socialism

* Socialism party grew
* Eugene Debs=leader
* Strong ideas with Germans, Jews, and protestant farmers * Socialists= need for basic structural changes in economy, disagreed on extent +tactics * Moderates= nationalizing only major industries, use electoral politics * Radicals=Industrial workers of the world (IWW, wobblies)\ * Powerful and popular

* Too many opinions
Square Deal
* Society unfair wanted equality
* Create more fair economic system
* Use of arbitration= if a problem between owner and employer, 3rd unaffiliated party makes decision * Interstate commerce act
* Hepburn Act=restore regulatory authority to govt
* Pure food and drug act
Taft Progressive Record
* William Howard Taft= lowered tariff rates hardly and raised some * People resented passivity and inaction
* Payne-Aldrich Tariff
* Won election in 1908
Teddy Roosevelt’s Progressive Record
* Saw federal government as mediator of the public good
* Not opposed to industrial combinations but realized for the potential abuse of power * Department of commerce and labor created to publicly investigate corporations * Regulated trusts
* Used Sherman Antitrust act to break up northern securities company (monopoly over RRS in NW) * Saw gov’t as impartial regulator for labor
* Sided with United Mines workers in 1902 strike
* Square Deal
* Pure food and drug act 1906
* Favored 8 hour work day, workmen’s compensation, inheritance, income taxes * Hapburn railroad regulation 1906= increase fed power to oversee rates * Restored gov’t regulatory power

* Allowed gov’t to regulate railroads
Wilson’s Progressive Record
* Progressive reform
* Cut down tariffs= Underwood- Simmons Tariff
* In order to introduce competition into market and breakup trusts * Made up for revenues from less tariffs with graduated income tax * New freedom= business was unjust and wanted to destroy, not regulate monopoly (Roosevelt) * Limit monopolies

* Good for country= morally right
* Federal Reserve Act 1913
* Made Regional fed banks made up of individual banks= issued loans at discount rate * Issued Fed Reserve notes, backed by govt
* Shifted funds to meet credit demands of troubled areas + support banks * Govt regulate free market
* Deal with monopoly
* Strengthen ability of govt to break up trusts
* Federal Trade Commission Act
* Clay Antitrust Act
* Both created regulatory agency that would help businesses determine if actions acceptable to govt * Could investigate behavior
Payne Aldrich tariff
* By Taft
* Reduced tariffs barely at all and even raced in some areas * People resented passivity
* Refused to overcome opposition of Republican Old Gaurd Election of 1912
* Taft= support of conservative Republicans
* Roosevelt=support of progressives
* Convention Republican Nat’l Committee gave nomination to Taft * Roosevelt left republicans established own progressive Party = Bull moose Party * Contest between conservatives vs. reformers, between branches of progressivism * Democrats choose Wilson

* Taft resigned, Roosevelt shot forced to sidelines, Wilson won

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • Study Guide for AP US HIstory

    ...AP – United States History STUDY GUIDE - Test #1 (Units 1-3, Chapters 1-9) 1. Explain the official ending of the American Revolution in 1783? 2. In 1754, identify Benjamin Franklin and his use of a political cartoon at the Albany Congress on “the present disunited state of the British Colonies”. 3. On the issue of women’s rights...

    Read More
  • The AP European History: Study Notes

    ...FRQ 16 After World War II, the continent of Europe was left in socioeconomic and political disarray. A devastated Europe was divided between Eastern and Western nations with distinct differences until the collapse of the Eastern Bloc. Social and political differences polarized Europe from 1945 to 2001 whilst the desire for economic prosperity...

    Read More
  • us history

    ...This proved to be a disadvantage as cannons had ranges of several hundred yards, and fired the heaviest and most deadly shot of any weapon. The bayonet was also used much more commonly than it was on the American side, until the French showed up and supplied the Americans with them. A bayonet is most commonly a blade fixed on the barrel of a mus...

    Read More
  • US history

    ...Xxxxxxx U.S History 2 Dr. Tyrone Tilery April 30, 2015 The Women’s Movement of the 1920’s A woman in the 1920’s had experienced many different societies and faces of the U.S. Following the First World War, social issues gained more recognition and the nineteenth amendment granted women the right to vote in 1920. This changed the w...

    Read More

    ...A.P. U.S. HISTORY- CHAPTER 31 “The Post-Cold War World, 1992 - 2008” 1). THE CHANGING FACE OF THE AMERICAN PEOPLE: Continuing influx of new immigrants Reshapes demographic patterns Census shows rapid growth at the fastest pace in decades Reflected steady growth in population of non-whites a). The New Pilgrims Second great wave ...

    Read More
  • Us History Study Notes

    ...Exam one study guide US History to 1865 Tenochtitlan-city surrounded by Lake Texcoco. Aztec Capitol. Imitated the ruined temple city of Teotihuacan. Hernan Cortes defeated it in 1519 Pequot War- 1637 The Pequot Indians resided near the mouth of the Connecticut River which is also where Puritan settlers led by John Winthrop’s son were tryin...

    Read More
  • ap us history

    ... AP U.S. History Summer HW Sec. 1: 1. The settlers were finally able to get food when the Indians decided to give them corn and bread. The problems that still remained were that they were once again running out of food and they had no houses to live in. This led to sickness and starvation amongst the settlers. 2. The indications that Sm...

    Read More
  • AP Us History Unit 5 study guide

    ...Unit 5 Diane Arias PI: Panic of 1857: broke out due to California gold inflating the currency and over-speculation in land and railroads. Two groups opposed the idea: Eastern industrialists feared that the free land would drain its supply of workers and the South feared that the West would fill up with free-soilers who would form anti-slaver...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.