Energy captured, production, population, and exchange are all evident in various cultures and societies throughout time. Because these factors affect all humans and societies equally, they must all equally be accounted for within that particular culture/society’s methods of sustainability. The first example I will use to illustrate this point will be Britain’s empire during the 16th-18th centuries. Britain at the time had its scope of influence include over 1/5th of the world’s entire population. This expansive effort to colonize or commercialize by sea led to Britain’s global dominance during the era. By establishing colonies and trade routes throughout the world, Britain was able to use human labor in various colonies to grow cash crops and food to serve Britain’s empire (economy). This was especially important considering Britain’s geography and land made for a poor agrarian society. Using wind and human labor, the British were able to build ships and a powerful navy to traverse the 7 oceans for profit, production, and exchange.
My second example will be the pilgrims and settlers of the 13 original colonies before the American Revolution. The original pilgrims and settlers of the 13 original colonies were largely unsuccessful in their attempts to establish colonies in North America. It took a few tries before the colonies became fully established and functioning; illness, starvation, and a lack of sustainable resources lead to death for many in these starter colonies. Because these initial immigrants lacked the resources or knowledge to cultivate the land effectively, they experienced hardships until they learned how to collaborate with others. Luckily for them, the pilgrims and settlers began bartering and learning to hunt and cultivate crops with the French and Native-American peoples of North America at the time. While we are all aware that the Native Americans and settlers did not always get along due to conflicts over land and power, they did however,...
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