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Topics: Recycling, Styrofoam, Polystyrene Pages: 22 (4783 words) Published: December 14, 2013
THE UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA

Department of Applied Science
APSC 262- Technology and Society
SUSTAINABILITY PROJECT REPORT

AN INVESTIGATION INTO IMPLEMENTING A CAMPUS-WIDE
STYROFOAM RECYCLING PROGRAM
Prepared by:
Jennie Bharaj (13761077)
Alim Jiwa (66380064)
Sanduni Patikiriarachchi (82726043)

Submitted to: Pat Cramond

April 06, 2010

ABSTRACT
“An Investigation into Implementing a Campus-Wide Styrofoam Recycling Program” By Jennie Bharaj, Alim Jiwa, Sanduni Patikiriarachchi
This report examines options available to launch a campus-wide Styrofoam recycling program at UBC. A pilot project on Styrofoam (a.k.a. expanded polystyrene foam) recycling has been running at the Brain Research Lab (BRC) located in the UBC Hospital. The pilot program has lasted for four months in nine of their labs. This pilot program uses services provided by a recycling material transporting company named Pacific Mobile Depots (PMD) to transport the Styrofoam to a recycling plant by the name of AquaPak situated in Surrey, BC. As part of the UBC Waste Management target of 55% per capita waste reduction for 2015, UBC is in need of a campus-wide Styrofoam recycling program to completely remove Styrofoam from going to landfills. The goal of this report is to closely examine options available for initiating and continuing a Styrofoam recycling program throughout the whole campus. The scope of this report extends only to the logistics of the recycling program, which consists of three main categories: the Recyclable Materials, Collection and Storage, and Pick-up and Drop-off of Styrofoam. A sister report for this project is being written by another group, to analyze the recycling process itself.

Each section was evaluated using a triple-bottom-line analysis to recommend the best available solutions for each category. Research on all options was limited to available resources around campus and surrounding cities. The report‟s economic analysis is limited to preliminary numbers as it was not feasible to capture all hidden costs associated with the options. Upon a triple-bottom-line analysis, it was evident that many Styrofoam products on campus could be recycled; the existing recycling bin infrastructure on campus could be utilized in the campus-wide Styrofoam recycling project. Furthermore, it was evident that utilizing a UBC owned truck to transport the Styrofoam to the recycler is economically, socially and environmentally favored over other options available. This report recommends that buildings manage Styrofoam collection bins and store collected Styrofoam at a designated location in the building until the UBC owned pick-up truck collects the Styrofoam to transport to the recycler.

ii

TABLE OF CONTENTS
ABSTRACT ....................................................................................................................... ii LIST OF FIGURES .......................................................................................................... iv LIST OF TABLE ............................................................................................................... v LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS .......................................................................................... vi 1.0

INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................... 1

2.0

RECYCLABLE MATERIALS .............................................................................. 2

2.1

BACKGROUND ................................................................................................................... 2

2.2

OPTIONS CONSIDERED ...................................................................................................... 2

2.3

BARRIERS .......................................................................................................................... 4

2.4

RECOMMENDATIONS...


References: Ho, Alex (2010, August 7). Paper vs. Styrofoam vs. Plastic Cups [Web log message].
Retrieved from http://www.genexe.com/environment/paper-vs-styrofoam-vs-plastic-cups/
American Chemistry Council (2010)
UBC Waste Management (2004). 2003/2004 Annual Report. Retrieved from
http://www.recycle.ubc.ca/aboutus.htm
UBC Recycling (2007). Other Special Items that can be Recycled. Retrieved from
http://www.recycle.ubc.ca/recycling.htm.
Bertrand, Melanie (2009). Green Research – Nov. 2009. Retrieved from
http://www.hse.ubc.ca/environment/greenresearch/greenresearchnov09.html.
Pacific Mobile Depots (2007). Pick Up Frequencies, Pick Up Fees. Retrieved from
http://www.pacificmobiledepots.com/prices.php.
Davies, Tom (2009). Calculation of CO2 emissions from fuels. Retrieved from
http://people.exeter.ac.uk/TWDavies/energy_conversion/Calculation%20of%20CO2%20emi
ssions%20from%20fuels.htm
Canadian Driver (2006, November 1st)
http://www.canadiandriver.com/2006/11/01/fuel-consumption.htm
Australian Capital Territory Government (2010)
The Planning Report (2006). Styrofoam Food Packaging Waste Stream Legislation
Oversimplifies Issues, Recycling Options
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