Ancient Egyptian Civilization

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Topics: Ancient Egypt
1.Timeline of Ancient Egyptian civilization:

c. 5000 BC: The coming of farming to the Nile Valley

c. 3500-3000: The Pre-dynastic period, leading to the unification of Egypt

c. 2650: The beginning of the Old Kingdom

c.2575-2465: The Great Pyramids of Giza built

c. 2150: The fall of the Old Kingdom leads to the 1st Intermediate period begins

2074: The Middle Kingdom begins; Egypt is united and powerful again

1759: The fall of the Middle Kingdom leads to the 2nd Intermediate period, and the occupation of norhern Egypt by the Hyksos

1539: The reunification of Egypt and the expulsion of the Hyksos begins the New Kingdom, a period when Egypt became a leading power in the Middle East

1344-1328: The pharaoh Akhenaton carries out a short-lived religious reformation

1336-1327: Tutankhamen reigns

1279-1213: The reign of Ramses II brings Egypt to the height of its power

c. 1150 onwards: The New Kingdom falls into decline

728: Egypt is conquered by Nubian kings

656: Egypt is occupied by the Assyrians

639: The Egyptians expel the Assyrians and begin a period of revival

525: Egypt is conquered by the Persians

332: Egypt is conquered by Alexander the Great

305: Ptolemy, one of Alexander the Great's generals, founds a Greek-speaking dynasty

30: Cleopatra, the last queen of independent Egypt in ancient times, dies, and Egypt is annexed by the Roman Empire

2.Political System

In ancient Egypt, government revolved heavily around a single figure, the Pharaoh, who the people believed to be a living god. This type of government is called a theocracy. This status basically granted the pharaoh (who was, in almost all cases, a man) virtually limitless power and control over his subjects. A good number of the people carrying out the Pharaoh's decrees where priests and holy men. This group formed their own social class as they were given preferential treatment before other citizens and were a kind of nobility in their own

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