Anatomy and Physiology

Topics: Cholesterol, Fatty acid, Essential fatty acid Pages: 0 (860 words) Published: August 26, 2014
Running Head: CHOLESTEROL, THE GOOD, THE BAD, AND THE UGLY!

Cholesterol, the Good, the Bad, and the Ugly!

Kimberly Reed
SC121- Human Anatomy & Physiology I
Unit 2 Assignment
Professor Glenn Huff
Cholesterol, the Good, the Bad and the Ugly! 1

Lipids are fats and fatty substances that serve as a source of fuel in the body and are important to cell structure. Lipid consists of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen. Lipids are important because they limit water and water soluble substances from passing through the membrane, which keeps the contents of the cell separated from the outside environment (Funk& Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia, 2014). Lipids consists of triglycerides, phospholipids, steroids, eicosanoids, and the simplest; fatty acids.

Fatty acids are the group of lipids that are used to synthesize triglycerides and phospholipids. The body can produce some essential fatty acids (EFA’s), but most has to be gained by food intake. Fatty acids can assist in the increase of exercise and performance ability. There are two fatty acids that are essential for our health: Omega-3 and Omega-6 fatty acids. The benefits of Omega-3 are that through proper nutrition, become protection and prevention for the body and is beneficial for physical and mental health. Omega-6 fatty acids are essential for health but only in moderation. There are three benefits of Omega-6 acids; important in cell growth which helps brain and muscle development, helps in the production of hormone messengers, and transmits nerve impulses ( Manea, Buldus, & Tache, 2014). Cholesterol, the Good, the Bad, and the Ugly! 2

Another type of lipid is cholesterol. Cholesterol is a compound important in the production of sex hormones, steroids, cell membranes, and bile acids. Cholesterol is produced in the body and is in contained in foods that have animal...

References: Lipids. (2014). Funk & Wagnalls New World Encyclopedia, 1p.1.
Manea, M.C., Buldus, C., & Tache, S. (2014). The Importance of Omega-3 Fatty Acid in Diet. Palestricia of the Third Millenium Civilization & Sport, 15(2), 131-133.
EMedicine Health. (2014). High Cholesterol. Retrieved from http://www.emedicinehealth.com/highcholesterol/page2_em.htm
Wise Geek. (2014). What is Cholesterol Homeostasis?. Retrieved from http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-cholesterol-homeostasis.htm
Frito Lay. (2014). Lays Reduced Fat Potato Chips. Retrieved from http://www.fritolay.com/snacks/lays-reduced-fat-original.html
About.Com. (2014). Chips Ahoy Reduced Fat- Calorie Count. Retrieved from http://caloriecount.about.com/calories-chips-ahoy-reduced-i82512
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