In analyzing poetry, you need to consider the following elements: words
Simile Figure of speech that compares two unlike things using the words "like" or "as" Personification Figure of speech in which inanimate or nonhuman things are given human characteristics or abilities Metaphor Figure of speech that compares two unlike things without using any comparison words Apostrophe Figure of speech that directly addresses an abstract quality, a nonhuman, or an individual that is not present Hyperbole Figure of speech that uses exaggeration for effect Onomatopoeia Figure of speech in which the sound of the word corresponds to its meaning Alliteration Repetition of initial consonant sounds
Assonance Repetition of vowel sounds within words
Consonance Repetition of consonant sounds at the end of words Understatement Figure of speech that makes something seem less important or serious to emphasize the opposite Rhyme Identical sounds, usually at the end of words or lines of poetry where the final vowel sound and following consonant sounds are the same A ValentineEdgar Ellen Poe.
Next, read the poem again to find specific details.
This process will help you understand poetry!
As readers, we should consider the following elements upon a first reading: What is the writer's topic?
What emotion or experience is the writer trying to convey? How did the author convey this emotion or experience?