American Psychological Association Style

Pages: 13 (927 words) Published: October 20, 2014
Formatting

Style Guide

APA

Formatting

Style Guide Oxford

Definition of style
American Psychological Association (APA) Style is a set of rules developed to assist reading comprehension in the social and behavioral sciences. Designed to ensure clarity of communication, the rules are designed to "move the idea forward with a minimum of distraction and a maximum of precision." The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association contains the rules for every aspect of writing, especially in the social sciences from determining authorship to constructing a table to avoiding plagiarism and constructing accurate reference citations.

Formatting

Style Guide Oxford

Basic Rules
• Your paper should be typed, double-spaced on standard-sized paper (8.5" x 11") with 1" margins on all sides.
• You should use 10-12 pt. Times New Roman or Courier New font. • Include a page header at the top of every page.
• To create a page header, insert page numbers to the right. Then type "TITLE OF YOUR PAPER" in the header on the left side.
• Paragraph starts with normal 0.5 indentations.
• Use word “References” when posting the reference list at the end of paper.

Formatting

Style Guide Oxford

General APA Guidelines
Major Paper Sections
1) Title Page
a) Running Head
On the top left of the title page type "Running Head:" followed by a shorter version of your title in all caps. This shorter version of your title will appear on this page, as well as on all subsequent pages, on the top right of the page. There, the shorter version of your title should be in all caps, followed by 5 spaces and the page number. On the title page, both appear simply to inform the reader.

Formatting

Style Guide Oxford

b) Title
This is the most important part, and should be center aligned, about halfway down the page. This is the full title of the research paper, dissertation or thesis.

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Style Guide Oxford

2)

Abstract

If your instructor requires an abstract, write a 75-100 word overview of your paper, which should include your main idea and your major points. You also may want to mention any implications of your research. Place the abstract on a separate page immediately after the title page. Center the word Abstract and then follow with the paragraph.

On the second page, include an abstract, if applicable.
Center the word "Abstract" on the page followed by a 75- to 100-word summary of your paper.

Formatting

Style Guide Oxford

3) Body
a) Subheading



Subheading used will be left aligned in italic font style
Subheading will be written in title case.

Formatting

Style Guide Oxford

In-text Citations (only Quotations)
Books/Magazines/Review
Author’s last name and year used when paraphrasing someone else's ideas. You don't need to include page numbers. Ex: Students unsure of what constitutes plagiarism find it safer to include sources thorough citations (Johnson, 2004).

For quotes within the body of the paper, include the author's last name, the year and page number(s) in parentheses directly after the quotation mark. This information should be separated by commas. The following sample sentence includes a proper citation: A recent study has found that "...in-text citations are becoming increasingly important to avoid charges of plagiarism." (Johnson, 2004, p.144)

If you mention an author's name outside the parentheses, you don't need to include it again. Follow the format of the following sentence: Johnson (2004) also stated, "Schools are becoming increasingly strict in response to the cut-and-paste generation of students." (p.166)

Formatting

Style Guide Oxford

Website
Website name appears in citation

Formatting

Style Guide Oxford

4) Reference page
These are: (a) author, (b) date, (c) title, (d) publication information, and (e) Internet access information. Each element is followed by a period. APA style follows these rules:
1. Author....


Citations: (Johnson, 2004).
citations are becoming increasingly important to avoid charges of
plagiarism." (Johnson, 2004, p.144)
(2004) also stated, "Schools are becoming increasingly strict in response to
the cut-and-paste generation of students." (p.166)
the publication date in references: (2006, October 31); in normal order for
Internet retrieval dates (e.g., Retrieved October 31, 2006).
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