Agriculture in the Sumerian City-States Essay Example

Good Essays
There were four main civilizations that thrived or was affected by agriculture. They were, the Sumerian City-states, Egypt, the Indus River Valley, and the River Dynasties in China. Agriculture was important to each of these civilations and all four had positive and negative consequenses due to agrictulture. Agriculture developed early in the Sumerian City-States. In southern Mesoptotamia, the Tigris and Euphtares rivers flooded once a year leaving silt. To provide water for their crops, they dug irrigation ditches and for defense, built city walls with mud bricks. "These activities required organization, cooperation, and leadership. It took many people working together, for example, for the Sumerians to construct their large irrigation systems." Because of this, leaders were needed to plan the projects and supervise the digging. These projects created new laws to settle disputes which created the biginning of organized government. Unfortanutely, monarchs took control. Priests managed the irrigation system and demanded a portion of every farmers crop as taxes. Although monarchs took control, their development of civilization reflects a pattern that occurs repeatedly throughout history. Because of the rise and fall of the Nile yearly, the ancient Egyptians developed agriculture. This was sicnificant beause the Egyptians worshiped the Nile River as a god. "Egypt was united into a single kingdom, which allowed it to enjoy a high decree of unity, stability, and cultural continuity over a period of over 3,000 years." The harsh climate protected the Egyptians like a natural barrier, which is good because the were spared the harch attacks the people of Sumer endured. The negative aspect of this would be that this limited their contact with other people. Egypt was a united kingdom ruled by pharoahs. Another place affectected by agriculture was the cities along the Indus. This was around 2500 B.C. in south Asia on the Indian subcontinent.

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Powerful Essays

    Agriculture Essay Example 15

    • 8306 Words
    • 34 Pages

    Agriculture is the artificial cultivation and processing of animals, plants, fungi and other life forms for food, fibers and other byproducts.[1] Agriculture was the key implement in the rise of sedentary human civilization, whereby farming of domesticated species created food surpluses that nurtured the development of much denser and more stratified societies. The study of agriculture is known as agricultural science. Agriculture is also observed in certain species of ant and termite.[2][3] The…

    • 8306 Words
    • 34 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Sumerians

    • 380 Words
    • 2 Pages

    changes were from events that have happened from the past. This has affected how we live now. Both time and writing and many other aspects of life were developed from the Sumerians. This is how important they were and still are to our civilization. Without these ancient people, our world wouldn’t be how it is today. The Sumerians were one of the earliest urban societies to emerge from the world. They were the very ones that developed “a writing system whose wedge-shaped strokes would influence the…

    • 380 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Better Essays

    Contemporary Art Form Maggi Henry HUM/266 Christina Giacona 8/17/2010 Introduction “Sustainable agriculture is a way of raising food that is healthy for consumers and animals, does not harm the environment, is humane for workers, respects animals, provides a fair wage to the farmer, and supports and enhances rural communities” (sustainabletable.org). Depending on where you are purchasing your sustainable goods from purchasing these sustainable foods one is not only helping our economy…

    • 1154 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Better Essays

    Sumerians Outline

    • 1604 Words
    • 7 Pages

    3. This civilization began about 3500 B.C. and flourished until about 2000 B.C. 4. Several Sumerian cities grew into independent city-state. 5. It was later absorbed by the great empires of Babylonia and Assyria. B. Property 6. People had inhabited the Sumer region since the 5000’s B.C. 7. The more powerful city states conquered their neighbors and became small kingdoms, including Kish, Lagash, Umma, Ur, and Uruk. 8.…

    • 1604 Words
    • 7 Pages
    Better Essays
  • Good Essays

    the Sumerians and the Assyrians. I believe that the Sumerians were the greatest influence during this ancient period. The Sumer Empire reigned from 3200-2350 BC. The Sumerians were located in the southernmost part of Mesopotamia or modern day Iraq. Since they were on the Fertile Crescent where irregular flooding was common, they created an irrigation network that helped them grow agriculturally. Around 5000 BCE is when they began work on the irrigation. With their advances in agriculture, wealth…

    • 500 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Sumerians and Akkadians were the first civilizations to settle in Mesopotamia.The Sumerians people and Akkadians have multiple similarities and differences.Both civilizations lived in modern day Iraq.Both civilizations spoke two different languages.They both had similar farming methods as well.Each of these civilizations had for the the most part a lot of Accomplishments.The customs of these civilizations very similar in a variety of ways. There are Many similarities between the Sumerians and…

    • 374 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    sumerian civilization

    • 439 Words
    • 2 Pages

    The Sumerian economy was based on agriculture. Sumerians were primarily farmers. In order to provide their crops with a regular supply of water, they created complex irrigation systems. The system consisted of a network of canals, dams, and reservoirs. Jobs included pottery makers, stonecutters, bricklayers, metal smiths, farmers, fishers, shepherds, weavers, leather-workers, and sailors. They grew barley, chickpeas, lentils, wheat, dates, onions, garlic, lettuce, leeks and mustard. They also raised…

    • 439 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Sumerian Ziggurats

    • 359 Words
    • 2 Pages

    Sumerian Ziggurats Were monumental structures created in the antique Mesopotamian valley and western Iranian plateau, with the form of a terraced step pyramid of consecutive receding stories or levels. The earliest ziggurats started by the end of the Early Dynastic Period. The latest Mesopotamian ziggurats date from the 6th century BC. The purpose of these structures was for local religions. It was built by the, Akkadians, Elamites, Sumerians, Babylonians and Assyrians…

    • 359 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    Sumerian Achievements

    • 609 Words
    • 3 Pages

    Their achievements in agriculture, literature, business, and science are unparalleled in that time period. Unfortunately for them (and for us), their achievements in military matters left a little to be desired. First of all, the Sumerians recognized the need to trap excess water. Rainfall at times was scarce and other times too abundant. Sumerian cities were close to waterways of some sort, be they rivers or seas. The Sumerians built canals from these waterways to the cities. A natural extension…

    • 609 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    administration of agriculture required much more careful planning, since each farmer had to produce a far greater excess of produce than he would actually consume. And all the bureaucratic record keeping demanded some kind of efficient system of measuring long periods of time. So the Sumerians invented calendars, which they divided into twelve months based on the cycle of the moon. Since a year consisting of twelve lunar months is considerably shorter than a solar year, the Sumerians added a "leap month"…

    • 1048 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays