Agricultural of Bangladesh:
Bangladesh is primarily an agrarian economy. Agriculture is the single largest producing sector of economy since it comprises about 30% of the country's GDP and employing around 60% of the total labor force. Meeting the nation's food requirements remains the key-objective of the government and in recent years there has been substantial increase in grain production. However, due to calamities like flood, loss of food and cash crops is a recurring phenomenon which disrupts the continuing progress of the entire economy.
Ensuring food security for the vast population of Bangladesh is directly associated with the agricultural development in the country. The Government of Bangladesh have therefore been giving priorities to agricultural development with a view to ensuring food and nutritional security, poverty alleviation, and increased generation of employment. Whereas a profitable suitable and environment-friendly agricultural system is required to achieve these objectives.
Agricultural holdings in Bangladesh are generally small. Through Cooperatives the use of modern machinery is gradually gaining popularity. Rice, Jute, Sugarcane, Potato, Pulses, Wheat, Tea and Tobacco are the principal crops. Bangladesh is the largest producer of World's best Jute, which also known as natural jute or raw jute. Rice being the staple food, its production is of major importance. Rice production stood at 20.3 million tons in 1996-97 fiscal year. Crop diversification program, credit, extension and research, and input distribution policies pursued by the government are yielding positive results. The country is now on the threshold of attaining self-sufficiency in food grain production.
The crop sub-sector dominates the agriculture sector contributing about 72% of total production. Fisheries, livestock and forestry sub-sectors are 10.33%, 10.11% and 7.33% respectively
Bangladesh Agricultural At a glance:
Source: DAE/AIS 2013, BBS 2006 & 2012
Crop production in Bangladesh:
Bangladesh is the fourth largest rice producing country in the world. Although Rice, Wheat, Mango and jute are the primary crops assuming greater importance. Due to the expansion of irrigation networks, some wheat producers have switched to cultivation of maize which is used mostly as poultry feed. Tea is grown in the northeast. Because of Bangladesh's fertile soil and normally ample water supply, rice can be grown and harvested three times a year in many areas. Due to a number of factors, Bangladesh's labor-intensive agriculture has achieved steady increases in food grain production despite the often unfavorable weather conditions.
TABLE : CROP PRODUCTION IN BANGLADESH
(area in lakh hectare, production in million metric tons, and growth in %)
Total Rice (1+2+3)
Total Crop (4+5+6)
Total Crop Growth
Source: DAE and BBS
Food Grains Import and Exported:
Agriculture is the single most important sector of the economy. It is the major source of livelihood in the rural areas, where almost 80 percent of the population lives; approximately two thirds of the labour force is employed in agriculture. Although its share is predictably declining, agriculture (crops, livestock, fisheries and forestry) accounts for one third of GDP and agricultural products constitute 32 percent of the total value of exports.
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