Factors to consider in evaluation:
1.cultural bias in the instrument or clinician
2. Theoretical orientation
3.Underemphasis on the external situation
-delinates meaningful subvarieties of maladaptive behavior •
-first step in the nature, causes, and treatment process of a disorder •
-provides a means of universal communication regarding abnormal behavior •
-the product of human invention-disorders can be “constructs” •
-reliability is the ability of a measuring device to produce the same result each time. •
-validity is when a measurement actually measures what it is supposed to measure. 5 Axes of DSM-IV-TR
Axis I: the clinical syndromes or conditions
Axis II: personality disorders and MR
Axis III: general medical conditions
Axis IV: psychosocial and environmental problems
Axis V: Global assessment of functioning
Acute: disorder lasting less than 6 months and chronic refers to a long-standing disorder. -symptoms refer to the patient’s subjective description.
-signs are objective observations by clinician
Psychotherapy is the belief that people with psychological problems can change and learn adaptive ways of perceiving, evaluating, and behaving. Worldview and self-concept are distorted due to pathology.
-importance of environmental factors in treatment
Behavior therapy: recognizes the importance of behavior and the role of learning. -exposure therapy-systematic desensitization, flooding, in vivo exposure, imaginal exposure -aversion therapy, modeling, systematic use of reinforcement-response shaping, token economies, evaluating behavior therapy Cognitive/cognitive-behavioral therapy: emphasis on how one “acts” and “thinks” and the influence on behavior -rational emotive behavior therapy-attempts to change a client’s maladaptive thought processes -Becks cognitive therapy: problems result from biased processing of external events or...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document