By: Kristin Freeman
A. Baru is using surface markings to identify the gender of a skull. What two major types of surface markings do bones have?
The two major surface markings are: 1.) Depressions and openings. They allow the passage of soft tissues, and 2.) Processes, these are projections or outgrowths that either help form joints or serve as attachment points for connective tissue.
B. Why are Liu and Hassan surprised to find a metopic suture on an adult skull? In which skull bone do the metopic sutures occur?
Because the Metopic suture usually disappears between the ages of six and eight. The Metopic suture occurs in the frontal bone.
C. What delicate skeletal structures are found inside the nasal cavity that might be missing from an excavated skull?
The Ethmoidal sinuses, Superior Nasal Concha, and the Middle Nasal Concha also know has cartilage are found inside the nasal cavity that might be missing from an excavated skull.
D. How would Hassan and his team be able I tell the ages of the skeletal remain of the woman and the baby?
X-ray and examination of the four sutures known as the Coronal Suture, the Sagittal Suture, The Lambdoid Suture, and the Squamous Suture is how Hassan and his team would be able to tell the age of the skeletal remain of the woman and the baby.
E. What features of the vertebral column would the larger skeleton in the sarcophagus show to indicate it was female?
The length of the vertebral column would only be 61 in. long. Also by the sacrum, it is shorter and wider in females to accommodate childbirth.
F. What bone in the neck region other than the cervical vertebrae may be damaged during strangulation or neck trauma?
The Hyoid bone is the other bone in the neck region that may be damaged during strangulation.
G. If the bone of a person found at the excavation site were mixed up and out of sequence, how could the anthropologists determine which vertebrae were