A Survey of the Environmental Conservation Costs by Local Authorities in Kenya

Topics: Local government, Environmentalism, Environment Pages: 26 (8733 words) Published: August 24, 2013
International Journal of Finance & Banking Studies IJFBS Vol.2 No.3, 2012 ISSN: 2147-4486 available online at www.ssbfnet.com

A Survey of the Environmental Conservation Costs by Local Authorities in Kenya Kilika Samuela, Mutua Nicholasb
a b

Taita Taveta University College, 635, VO İ-80300, Kenya Taita Taveta University College, 635, VO İ-80300, Kenya

Abstract
This study investigates the environmental conservation costs of the local authorities in Kenya by analyzing the data collected from 90 of these local authorities. The population of the study is the 175 local authorities in Kenya. A sample of 90 local authorities has been used. Both statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 17 and Excel have been used to determine the level of environmental conservation costs in the studied local authorities. The results indicated that there was a wide use of environmental conservation costs among the local authorities. The study provides preliminary evidence on environmental conservation costs used by local authorities in Kenya. Further research is suggested to explore the possible motivating factors among different local authorities’ degree of application and level of environmental costs in different activities. Keywords: Environmental Conservation; Local authorities; Environmental costs

© 2013 Published by SSBFNET 1. Introduction This paper investigates the environmental conservatıon costs by local authorities in Kenya. Environmental conservation cost refers to the investment and costs measured in monetary values, allocated for prevention, reduction, and or avoidance of environmental impact, removal of such impact, restoration following the occurrences of a disaster and other activities. These are costs borne by companies and organizations for environmental conservation i.e. private costs. The costs do not include costs borne for health damage or environmental pollution suffered by third parties or society as a whole resulting from the business activities of companies and other organizations i.e. social costs. It means the burden placed upon society as a result of the environmental impact of a specific company or other organizations, or of an unspecified entity. Social cost is also referred to as “external cost” or “external discovery” such as damage suffered by a third party or damage caused to forests or agriculture due to environmental impact resulting from the business activities of a company or other organization will not result in a direct economic burden for that company provided that there is no proof of causal relationship but the society as a whole may be considered to have sustained a loss Medley (1997). Environmental conservation cost can be categorized into one, business area costs which are costs for activities to reduce environmental impact which occur within the business area due to key business operations. The business area is the region where the organization can directly manage environmental impacts. Business area cost is associated with environmental conservation is divided into pollution prevention cost, global environmental cost and resource recycling cost. Secondly, administration cost which is the cost for management activities conducted by companies and other organizations for environmental conservation activities. The cost includes the cost for efforts that directly contribute to reducing the environmental impact generated through business activities, and the cost for efforts for communication a

Corresponding author.Kilika Samuel, Tel.: +020 086 808.

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Kilika & Mutua /International Journal of Finance & Banking Studies Vol 2, No 3, 2013 ISSN: 2147-4486

with society by companies and other organizations, like the cost for environmental training for employees, cost for environmental improvement activities such as nature conservation, greening, and beautification. Thirdly, environmental remediation costs. These are costs allocated for recovery of the environmental...

References: 99
Kilika & Mutua /International Journal of Finance & Banking Studies Vol 2, No 3, 2013 ISSN: 2147-4486
100
Kilika & Mutua /International Journal of Finance & Banking Studies Vol 2, No 3, 2013 ISSN: 2147-4486
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