A Student Nurse's Bibliography on Pneumonia

Topics: Pneumonia, Nursing, Nosocomial infection Pages: 6 (1658 words) Published: March 15, 2007
"A Student Nurse's Bibliography on Pneumonia"
Early Intervention for the Pneumonia Patient: An Emergency Department Triage Protocol

Preventing Nosocomial Pneumonia


Pneumonia is a respiratory disease that causes an inflammation of the lung parenchyma commonly caused by microbial agents such as Streptococcus pneumoniae and Haemophilus influenzae. The disease is acquired through inhalation of the microorganism in respiratory droplets, as well as aspiration of secretions in the upper gastrointestinal tract that contains bacteria capable of causing pneumonia. It can be categorized into community-acquired pneumonia and hospital-acquired pneumonia. The main difference between the two is the length of time it took for the patient to exhibit signs and symptoms of pneumonia. If the patient shows signs of pneumonia within 72 hours of admission into the hospital, then the patient is classified in the community-acquired pneumonia category. The 72 hours period represents the incubation period that it takes for the bacteria to cause the signs and symptoms that the patient experiences.

Pneumonia is a very common respiratory disease in the Philippines. Therefore, it will not be uncommon for a medical-surgical ward to have patients with this condition. As a student nurse, I am interested in the management of patients with pneumonia, especially in those patients with community-acquired type as well as the prevention of the hospital-acquired pneumonia.

II.Problem Statement

•What is the difference in the focus of management between patients who have community-acquired pneumonia and hospital-acquired pneumonia?

•How does the nurse manage patients with community-acquired pneumonia?

oWhat are some of the skills in which a nurse has to be very proficient in order to provide quality nursing care for these patients?

•How does the nurse manage patients with hospital-acquired pneumonia?

oWhat are some of the skills in which a nurse has to be very proficient in order to provide quality nursing care for these patients?


The first article, "Early Intervention for the Pneumonia Patient: An Emergency Department Triage Protocol" is an article that studied a specific intervention that can be used to improve patient outcomes in those with community-acquired pneumonia. As the disease is one of the leading causes of death in the United States, research has been done to identify an early intervention for the improvement in the outcomes of patients with community-acquired pneumonia. This certain intervention was that every hospital should ensure that at least 75% of patients with pneumonia receive antibiotics within 4 hours after the patient's arrival in the hospital. Since statistics showed that there was a hospital that failed to meet this requirement, this study was done to determine factors that hindered the hospital to meet the requirements set by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services and to formulate a plan to improve the compliance of rate of the hospital. The researchers provided a case review in order to identify the factors that contributed to the decrease of the hospitals compliance rate. Then, they developed a triage protocol wherein the Emergency Department (ED) nurse initiates diagnostic studies and promotes early treatment of patients presenting with a high suspicion of pneumonia. The ED nurse, working with the ED physician, radiology staff and pharmacology staff formulated a plan of action that they followed in order to provide early treatment for patients who may have pneumonia.

The second article, "Preventing Nosocomial Pneumonia" in turn, deals with hospital-acquired pneumonia. This article highlights the importance of the nurse's role in preventing patients who have a high risk of acquiring pneumonia by decreasing the risk of aspiration and preventing colonization of the respiratory tract as these are the most common causes of hospital-acquired...

Bibliography: 2Weitzel, T., Robinson, S. and Holmes, J. (2006). Preventing Nosocomial Pneumonia. American Journal of, Vol. 106, No.9, pg.72A-72G
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