A Short History on Modern Philosophy Paper

Topics: Metaphysics, Truth, Philosophy Pages: 4 (1076 words) Published: January 20, 2015
As a Christian, St. Augustine (354-430 AD) couldn’t believe that the soul preexisted creation despite his ties to Neoplatonists, who held disdain for the material world. Philosophy had a purpose geared towards the religious and the ethical because God’s truth is that He is a priori, or prior to experience, in his existence. His work expressed his belief that happiness can be achieved when Faith is preceding and Understanding is succeeding: an individual cannot understand if he first does not believe in divination divinity. The existence of the self lends to the existence of God because of truths discovered through inner experiences of being and thinking, which may have influenced Descartes’ truth in Cogito Ergo Sum. Boethius (c. 475-526 AD), a former senator and top-level assistant turned persona non grata, developed proof of the problem of divine foreknowledge as the concern that human freedom doesn’t truly exist due to God’s foreknowledge through His prophetic revelations in the Bible. His knowledge that events will happen cannot be changed—which means that He can never be wrong: the outcome is guaranteed—man has no will to follow but His. Boethius eventually come to a solution: God is eternal (the simultaneous and complete possession of life) and thus cannot have knowledge of the future because He has no concept of time. He can experience every moment at once instead of in intervals due to his status as ultimate reality. Taking away free will as been labeled as simple necessity of nature (the mortality of man), whereas keeping as a result of a relationship is conditional (if you are seen walking, then you must be walking). St. Anselm of Canterbury (1033-1109) was an infamous follower of Augustine’s work who believed that philosophy rationally justified religious beliefs through necessary reasons (logically true proportions and valid inferences). He proves God’s existence in understanding and reality as an absolute truth: the idea of God in fact defines what...
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