A Report about Panatag Shoal
Agtay, Aldwin Christian R.
Bayani, Shaireen Nicole
Cabral, Marinella C.
Castillo, Mikhaela Justine
Dela Paz, Oderf C.
Lunar, Marco Paolo F.
Medrano, Angelica B.
Robles, Jhobet C.
Villanueva, Ailyn C.
Scarborough Shoal, also known as Scarborough Reef, Democracy Reef(Chinese: 民主礁; pinyin: Mínzhǔ Jiāo), Huangyan Island (simplified Chinese: 黄岩岛; traditional Chinese: 黃岩島; pinyin: Huángyán Dǎo), Bajo de Masinloc and Panatag Shoal (Filipino: Kulumpol ng Panatag), is a shoal located between the Macclesfield Bank and Luzon island in the South China Sea. It is a disputed territory claimed by the People's Republic of China, Republic of China (Taiwan), and the Philippines. The shoal's status is often discussed in conjunction with other territorial disputes in the South China Sea such as those involving the Spratly Islands and the Paracel Islands. Since the 2012 Scarborough Shoal standoff, access to the territory has been restricted by the People's Republic of China. The shoal was named after an East India Company tea-clipper which was wrecked on one of its rocks on September 12, 1784. For China, Scarborough Shoal's story begins in year 1279 under its Yuan dynasty. That was around 240 years before the Philippines even had a written history.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
1. Where is Panatag Shoal located?
2. What are the claims of China and Taiwan about Panatag Shoal? 3. What are the claims of Philippines about Panatag Shoal?
PRESENTATION OF DATA
1. Panatag Shoal is located between the Macclesfield Bank and Luzon island in the South China Sea.
2. The People's Republic of China and the Republic of China (Taiwan) claim that Chinese people discovered the shoal centuries ago and that there is a long history of Chinese fishing activity in the area. The shoal lies within the nine-dotted line drawn by China on maps marking its claim to islands and relevant waters consistent with UNCLOS within the South China Sea. An article published in May 2012 in the PLA Daily states that Chinese astronomer Guo Shoujing went to the island in 1279, under the Yuan dynasty, as part of an empire-wide survey called "Measurement of the Four Seas" (四海测验). In 1979 historical geographer Han Zhenhua (韩振华) was among the first scholars to claim that the point called "Nanhai" (literally, "South Sea") in that astronomical survey referred to Scarborough Shoal. In 1980 during a conflict with Vietnam for sovereignty over the Paracel Islands (Xisha Islands), however, the Chinese government issued an official document claiming that "Nanhai" in the 1279 survey was located in the Paracels. Historical geographer Niu Zhongxun defended this view in several articles. In 1990, a historian called Zeng Zhaoxuan (曾昭璇) argued instead that the Nanhai measuring point was located in Central Vietnam. Historian of astronomy Chen Meidong (陈美东) and historian of Chinese science Nathan Sivin have since agreed with Zeng's position in their respective books about Guo Shoujing. In 1935, China, as the Republic of China (ROC), regarded the shoal as part of theZhongsha Islands. That position has since been maintained by both the ROC, which now governs Taiwan, and the People's Republic of China (PRC). In 1947 the shoal was given the name Minzhu Jiao (Chinese: 民主礁; literally: "Democracy Reef"). In 1983 the People's Republic of China renamed it Huangyan Island with Minzhu Jiao reserved as a second name. In 1956 Beijing protested Philippine remarks that the South China Sea islands in close proximity to Philippine territory should belong to the Philippines. China's Declaration on the territorial Sea, promulgated in 1958, says in part, The breadth of the Territorial Sea of the People's Republic of China shall be twelve nautical miles. This applies to all territories of the People's Republic of China, including the Chinese mainland and its coastal islands, as well as Taiwan and its...
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