Hispanic Americans are also called Latino’s and they come from Central and South America the Caribbean and Spain so there are many different Hispanic cultures and backgrounds. Because of their many origins, lots of people today, identify themselves as being at least part Hispanic. According to our text book the Hispanic population in the United States as of 2009, was over 48 million which makes Hispanic Americans/Latino’s, the largest minority group at 15.8 percent of the population, out numbering African Americans who rank in at 12.9 percent. Since before the time of the U.S./Mexican war, Mexicans have lived on the land which today is now Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, Utah, California and Colorado and millions continue to immigrate here today, legally as well as illegally. The point is that they have such a deep root in most of American Culture that Spanish is actually the unofficial second language in the United States.
Because of the variety of places that Latino’s come from around the world, to live in the U.S., there is coincidedly a variety of economic and cultural influence, assimilation and success among them. For example the commonwealth of Puerto Rico who’s people have been U.S. citizens by default in a sense, since 1917, after the Spanish-American war.
Cubans are another example of people who immigrated here largely after the Dictator Fidel Castro took control of Cuba in 1959. The economic status of Hispanics in America is among the lowest however Cubans have proven to be the most successful having higher incomes and more education, next would be Puerto Rican’s in the middle and Mexicans the lowest according to income and schooling largely because of the language barrier. Many Mexicans only speak Spanish or at best very poor English so they are limited in the job market and they are not able to learn in American schools as well as one who’s first language is english. Chapter 13 on education tells us that