A cross-cultural comparison on work value between US and China
When I started to study about the cultural comparison between China and the United States I read different articles and theories by different authors; now I know what differences industrialization is making in societies. Chinese culture is different than American culture which is influenced by the domestic policy, for example the one child policy. On the values of young Chinese adults, the one child policy has not affected the family structure but also the adult’s value system. The Chinese adults depend upon outside resources more than the family resources, and they respect their parents and ancestors. The global work environment and competition for talented employees; China has contributes around 12% of the world manufacturing output, while the USA has contributed 21%. The growth of China shows it leading towards the future of economic force. In a series of studies conducted in Taiwan, Lu, found that heavy workload, lack of work autonomy, and interpersonal conflict are the most prevalent stressors for Taiwanese employees; all of which were related to job dissatisfaction and psychological distress. (e.g., Chang, & Lu, 2007; Lu, 1997, 1999) The findings from a recent focused-study in Taiwan from across the wider Greater China zone, found that heavy workload and interpersonal conflict are common work stressors for employees in mainland China, Hong Kong, and Taiwan; which once again was related to job dissatisfaction (Lu et al., 2001)
Beginning with the Lutheran-Calvinist support of work for the glory of God, the book's focus then shifts to the change in work values that occurred from early industrialization in America to the end of the Great Depression. A period that was characterized by both opportunity, and alienation. (American Work Values, Paul Bernstein) “American[s] believes in individualism while [the] Chinese don’t. In [the] American society, stress is placed on...
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