A Critique of “Sleep bruxism and myofascial temporomandibular disorders: A Laboratory-based polysomnographic investigation”
This review critiques the article, “Sleep bruxism and myofascial temporomandibular disorders: A Laboratory-based polysomnographic investigation”, by Karen G. Raphael, David A. Sirois, Malvin N. Janal, Pia E. Wigren, Boris Dubrovsky, Lena V. Nemelivsky, Jack J. Klausner, Ana C. Krieger, and Gilles J. Lavigne which appeared in The Journal of the American Dental Association. Sleep bruxism (SB) involves grinding or clenching of the teeth and jaw during sleep and is considered a sleep-movement-related disorder. Many dentists believe that SB is a pathogenic factor in myofascial temporomandibular disorder (TMD); with the majority of data relying on patients self-reports and indirect observation. This review will summarize the article and briefly analyze the articles validity. It will evaluate the article’s authority, precision, relevance, neutrality and balance. Overall the article was well written, clear, and relevant. The purpose of this article was to determine if SB is a predominant factor in the onset or continuance of myofascial-pain-predominant TMDs. The article also determined the factors and reasoning used to reach decisions. The study involved only women, given their markedly higher prevalence of TMDs. Patients were recruited primarily from among patients attending clinics at the NYU College of Dentistry (NYUCD) or from among the acquaintances of patients at NYUCD. Patients were enrolled on the basis of the presence (124 case participants) or absence (46 control participants) of a myofascial TMD and independent of their beliefs or knowledge regarding their own SB, to ensure that SB prevalence was not overrepresented or underrepresented in either sample. The authors used data
References: Raphael, PhD, K. G., Sirois, DMD, PhD, D. A., Janal, PhD, M. N., Wigren, PhD, P. E., Dubrovsky, PhD, B., Nemelivsky, MD, L. V., Klausner, DDS, J. J., Krieger, MD, A. C., & Lavinge, DMD, PhD, G.J. (2012). Sleep bruxism and myofascial temporomandibular disorders: A laboratory-based polysomnographic investigation. The Journal of the American Dental Association, 143(11), 1223-1231. Retrieved from http://jada.ada.org Brand, B.S., D.D.S., R. W., & Isselhard, B.S., D.D.S., D. E. (2003). Anatomy of orofacial structures. (Seventh Edition ed., p. 352). St. Louis, MO: Mosby, Inc.