A Comprehensive Review into the Economic and Health Effects of the Boxing Day Earthquake and Tsunami

Topics: 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, Sri Lanka, Nicobar Islands Pages: 34 (13128 words) Published: November 24, 2013

A Comprehensive Review of the Health and Economics impacts of the Boxing Day Tsunami 2004

Tharshan Balenthiran, Chris Bolton, Theo King, Matthew Nottage and Michael Moore


3 Introduction 4 Economic Effects 4 Sri Lanka 7 India 15 Thailand 20 Health Effects 20 Immediate Health Effects 23 Long Term Health Effects 27 Bibliography


At 00:58 GMT on Sunday the 26th December 20041, a powerful earthquake struck off the coast of Sumatra, Indonesia. This earthquake was caused when the Indian Plate was subducted by the Burma Plate; this earthquake trigged a set of tsunamis that brought on devastation to the countries surrounding the Indian Ocean. The resulting tsunami killed over 230,000 people, making it one of the worst natural disasters in recorded history. About 1.69 million were displaced in 14 countries. The humanitarian effort was one of the largest in recent memory, with $14 billion dollars being pledged in aid.

The earthquake measured 9.1 on the Richter scale, making it the third largest earthquake ever; it also had the longest duration lasting between 8 to 10 minutes. The energy released by the earthquake was the equivalent to 1500 Hiroshima atomic bombs. 30m waves were recorded in some parts of Indonesia. The Earthquake is believed to have sunk the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, which are just off the coast of India by 1m, as well as shifting it south west by 1.25m.

In this report, we aim to create a comprehensive review of the health and economic impacts of the Boxing day Tsunami, our individual aims included:

Investigating economic effects in Sri Lanka, India and Thailand Assessing impacts of NGOs on short term health effects of the disaster Determining the long term health effects

Economics Effects

The Economic effect of the Tsunami on Sri Lanka

Pre 26th December 2004

Economic Climate
Sri Lanka’s economic growth has averaged about 5% (Duma 2007)2 in the 1980s and 90s, despite the civil war between the LTTE (a rebel army campaigning for an independent country for the Tamil population) and the Sri Lankan government. However, when the Civil war reached its peak in 2001-2002, there was a significant slowdown in economic growth, which eventually led to a recession in 2001 when the economy contracted by 1.5%. This economic slowdown was also...

Bibliography: 3. World Bank, 2006, World Development Indicators (Washington)
9. TIBALLIS,G (2005) Tsunami, the world’s most terrifying natural disaster, London. Carlton Books.
37. Disaster resilience through local economic activity in Phuket (The Australian Journal of Emergency Management, Vol. 21 No. 4, November 2006) http://www.em.gov.au/Documents/Disaster%20resilience.pdf
49. Dr. Stephen Cohen et al.(2005) The 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami: Six Month Report June 2005 The Sigur Center Asia Papers [online] available from: http://www2.gwu.edu/~elliott/assets/docs/research/tsunamiinderfurth.pdf
51. Brigham L (2005) Tsunami-related Diseases Available from: http://academic.evergreen.edu/g/grossmaz/LESLIEBJ/
55. Krishnaswamy, S. et al., (2012). The 2004 Tsunami in Penang, Malaysia: Early Mental Health Intervention. Asia Pac J Public Health. 24, 710-718. [online] Available from Sage Publications. http://www.sagepublications.com [Accessed 21 June 2013]
59. BBC., (2005). Special Reports: Tsunami Disaster. [online] Available from: http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/in_depth/world/2004/asia_quake_disaster/default.stm [Accessed 21 June 2013]
61. CNN., (2005). Treating children’s emotional wounds. [online] CNN. Available from: http://edition.cnn.com/2005/WORLD/asiapcf/01/05/tsunami.children.cope/ [Accessed 21 July 2013]
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