CALVARY BIBLE COLLEGE
A COMPARISON OF THE RELATIONSHIPS OF DAVID AND SOLOMON WITH GOD
A PAPER SUBMITTED TO
IN PARTIAL FULFILLMENT OF
THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE COURSE
SURVEY OF OLD TESTAMENT LITERATURE
NICHOLAS M. HERTZFIELD
KANSAS CITY, MO
Early Life of David
David’s Focus on God Before Becoming King
David’s Reign as King
Solomon’s Early Reign
Solomon’s Later Years
Spiritual Achievements of Both
A COMPARISON OF THE RELATIONSHIPS OF DAVID AND SOLOMON WITH GOD Introduction
In life, every one of us has been given gifts by God. Not everyone will be rich and powerful, but we all have the tools to succeed. Some are made to be leaders, some followers, some rich, some poor, but all are made exactly how God wanted. Two of Israel’s greatest kings, David and Solomon, were given great gifts from God, both sinned greatly, and only one had the right attitude about repentance. In order to really find out about them, one has to look at their entire lives, so as to get a good understanding of their circumstances. Early Life of David
Successes of David in his early life
David, the man after God’s own heart, was born as the youngest son of a poor shepherd named Jesse. Not only was David talented a musician and the “sweetest singer of all Israel,” but he was also an amazing soldier and military tactician. He was a small boy when Samuel came at the Lord’s instruction to anoint his new king, and Samuel was surprised at the Lord’s choice; but God knew David’s heart while Samuel looked at the outward appearance.
David had a great talent for music. And when he was still young, Saul had him play his harp and sing to relieve him because of the evil spirit that tormented him. David wrote many hymns of praise to God and of thankfulness for God’s blessings. He also wrote many of sorrow and mourning, especially when he had sinned, and to beg forgiveness of the Lord.
David was still a young boy when his father asked him to take his brothers’ food to the warfront while they were fighting against the Philistines. When he heard about Goliath mocking the Israelites, he was very angry and wanted to know why no one accepted the challenge to fight him. David told everyone that he would accept the challenge, and of course no one believed him; he was a small shepherd boy. But he was insistent because he believed God would fight with him. Saul allowed him to accept the challenge when David told of God allowing him to kill a lion and a bear with his bare hands and offered his own armor to David to use; David declined as it was far too heavy for him. Instead he chose to go to the brook and pick five round, smooth stones for his sling. He and Goliath faced each other, and Goliath mocked him, but David said God would deliver Goliath to David and he would take Goliath’s head from him. When Goliath left himself open, David hit him right in the head with his sling stone, and Goliath fell; he then took Goliath’s huge sword and beheaded him, just like he said he would. David, however, did not take credit for this feat; in fact he does not even mention his own part in it, and he instead gives all the glory to God, an action he repeats over and over throughout his life. David is then asked to go to Gideon and asked to play for Saul again, but Saul was very jealous of David because he was loved of the people, they had a saying: “Saul hath slain his thousands, David his ten-thousands.” Then to get David out of his hair, he made David a captain over a thousand men. As with any military commander, David worked hard to conduct himself wisely, and he came in and out of the cities quite a bit. All the people loved him, and Saul hated him for it. Saul tried to murder David twice with a javelin after inviting him to play the harp for him; fortunately (and by the grace of God), he never hit him,...
Bibliography: Farrar, F. W. Solomon: the Life and Times. New York: Randolph & Co.
Maly, Eugene H. The World of David and Solomon. Edgewood Cliffs, N.J: Prentice-Hall, 1965.
Robinson, Charles S. From Samuel to Solomon. New York: American Tract Society. 1889.
Slaughter, Frank G. David, Warrior and King. New York: Pocket Books, 1962.
Thomas, Richard. King David, God’s Man With Feet of Clay, 2006.
Tyndale Life Applications Study Bible. Carol Stream, IL: Tyndale House Publishers, 2006.
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