A Comparative Analysis of Two Theories-One of Each You Consider a Theory of Health Promotion and the Other Which Is a Theory for Health Promotion. You Need to Support Your Answer Using an Example from Your Own Practice

Topics: Health care, Health, Public health, Medicine, Nursing, Health economics / Pages: 12 (2768 words) / Published: May 20th, 2012
Running Head: HEALTH PROMOTION

Health Promotion
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Health Promotion
Introduction
The concept of health promotion initially emerged and continues to gain strength as an approach to improving health status and health condition of people. Health promotion is a key component of the complex relationship between actions, knowledge, attitudes, behaviour, and health outcomes from the individual to the societal level. Health promotion is increasingly applicable and relevant to practice within health care and health research specialty around the world. This paper aims at exploring the fundamental concepts of health, health promotion, and multiple health models that define the effectiveness of approach taken towards the health promotion. Separate discussions of research on health require defining the boundaries of health promotion factors and how does each factor defines the effectiveness of approach taken towards health promotion.

Definition of Health It is necessary to determine which factors constitute the components of health. Many researchers have identified fundamental concepts which lead to universal definition development to define the concept of health. Contemporary approach towards defining health is more holistic compare to conventional definition of health which defines it as a phenomenon of presence or absence of disease (Gorin 2006, 19). According to World Health Organization (WHO), health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity. This definition shows a confined perspective about health and its constituent elements. It defines the health based on variety of factors that directly affect the individual's psychological, physical, social, and emotional condition (Wills 2000, 56). Second definition for defining health is as follows: “Health is a complex state of



References: Cattan, M. (2006). Mental health promotion: a lifespan approach. Edition: 1. McGraw-Hill International, pp. 39-242 Crosby, R. (2009). Emerging Theories in Health Promotion Practice and Research. Edition: 2. John Wiley and Sons, pp. 49-301 Glanz, K. (1997). Theory at a Glance: A Guide for Health Promotion Practice. National Institute of Health, pp. 11-116 Gorin, S. (2006). Health promotion in practice. Edition: 1. John Wiley and Sons, pp. 18-326 Green, J. (2010). Health Promotion: Planning and Strategies. Edition: 2. SAGE Publications, pp. 42-209 Hayden, J. (2009). Introduction to health behaviour theory. Edition: 1. Jones & Bartlett Learning, pp. 7-143 Lucas, K. (2005). Health promotion: evidence and experience. Edition: 1. SAGE Publications, pp. 18-165 Tones, K. (2001). Health promotion: effectiveness, efficiency, and equity. Edition: 3. Nelson Thornes, pp. 22-326 Wills, J. (2000). Health promotion: foundations for practice. Edition: 2. Elsevier Health Sciences, pp. 55-341

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