A Case Study on Submucous Myoma

Powerful Essays
Topics: Pain, Uterus, Nursing
AUB prob 2 ® to Submucous Myoma I. Data from Textbook
Cause
Submucous myoma has no known cause, it is idiopathic. Although there have been many theories developed. Some say it could be caused by increased Estrogen hormones. Some say that it is hereditary and has a tendency to run in the family.

Signs and Symptoms
Submucous myoma is generally symptomless. But some of its most common features were experienced by client ILN and they are: * Swollen breasts * Loss of sex drive * Profuse bleeding or heavy menstrual bleeding * Hypermenorrhea * Dysmenorrhea * Metrorrhagia * Masses palpated in the abdomen * Pain * Constipation and increased urination * Increased abdominal girth or abnormally enlarged abdomen * Anemia like signs and symptoms (paleness, decrease respiratory rate, dizziness)

Treatment * Antibiotic treatment * Hormone treatment * Myomectomy * Current trend presents Radio Frequency Energy which shrinks myomas and reduces symptoms in new minimally invasive procedure * TAHBSO (Total Abdominal Hysterectomy Bilateral Salphingo-oophorectomy)

Diagnosis Submucous Myomas may be diagnosed through many ways. They are palpated during pelvic examinations. An ultrasound is also done which could be the Transvaginal Ultrasoung and Vaginal Probe Ultrasound. Hysteroscopy may also be done wherein the uterus is being viewed.

Anatomy and Physiology of Affected Areas The uterus consists of many structures like the ovaries, broad ligament, mesovarium, ovarium ligament and the like. Here are the detailed functions of each. ovary - One of the paired female reproductive organs which produce ova and female sex hormones, estrogens and progesterone; it is located laterally in the pelvic cavity, near the opening to the oviduct, and attached to the posterior surface of the broad ligament; it is regulated by FSH and LH from the anterior pituitary in a complex cycle which begins at puberty and ends at

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