A battery

Topics: Rechargeable battery, Lithium-ion battery, Recyclable materials Pages: 10 (2874 words) Published: February 9, 2014
A battery, which is actually an electric cell, is a device that produces electricity from a chemical reaction. In a one cell battery, you would find a negative electrode; an electrolyte, which conducts ions; a separator, also an ion conductor; and a positive electrode. Batteries are made of magnesium dioxide, graphite, electrolytes, zinc oxide and a paper soaked in an electrolyte solution. All of this is sealed in a insulated tube for safety. http://answers.ask.com/consumer_electronics/other/what_are_batteries_made_of Batteries are hazardous because of what they are made of. Batteries contain acid to fuel the electromagnetic charge. The acid in batteries is very caustic and dangerous to the environment http://www.ask.com/question/how-are-batteries-hazardous

We use batteries in many different things
including cars, computers, laptops, radios,
MP3 players, mobile phones, watches and
clocks. Latest statistics show that Australia
imported a staggering 267 million disposable
batteries and 50 million rechargeable
batteries in 2004 (ABS, 2005). However, the
greatest environmental concern surrounding
batteries is the impact they have at the end
of their lives. Australia hasn’t embraced
battery recycling – it is estimated that
around 94 per cent of dead batteries end
up in landfi ll - and this is where the most
serious problems start.

Battery Recycling
80% of respondents thought that end-of-life Batteries should be recycled. When asked to choose a preferred method for recycling their batteries, 42% of respondent said they would prefer to drop them off in a shop and 31% would prefer to put them in their council-provided curbside recycling bin. Australia Battery Types

There are many different sizes and types of batteries out there, so we know that the situation can get a little confusing. We split our batteries into three categories, Non-rechargeable Batteries ,Rechargeable Batteries and Vehicular Batteries. Non-rechargeable Batteries

Also called single use batteries or primary batteries, these are most commonly used batteries right now. They get their power from a chemical reaction that is irreversible. They work better than rechargeable batteries in situations where a low amount of power is needed for a long time. Most of these are Alkaline Batteries in the standard sizes of AA, AAA, D-Cell, C-cell, and 9 volts. But there are some other exotic batteries that are included in this category. Alkaline and Carbon Zinc Batteries

Lithium Batteries - Not Lithium Ion Batteries
Mercury Batteries
Silver Oxide Batteries
Zinc Air Batteries
Visit our Non-Rechargeable Battery page for details about how to dispose of these batteries properly.

Rechargeable Batteries
The most common types of rechargeable battery on the market today is the Lithium Ion Battery in your phone or laptop, and standard sized NiCd and NiMH batteries that are rechargeable at home. Lead Acid Gel Batteries

Lithium-Ion (Li-ion) Batteries
Nickel-Cadmium (NiCd) Batteries
Nickel Metal Hydride (NiMH) Batteries
Visit our Rechargeable Battery page for details about how to dispose of these batteries properly.

Lead Acid
Lead-acid batteries are rechargeable batteries that are most commonly used as automotive batteries in vehicles for starting, lighting and ignition (SLI). They consist of a plastic case containing lead plates with a lead paste submersed in dilute sulfuric acid. Lead-acid batteries are rechargeable, but eventually the lead plate material and paste breaks down and the battery can no longer hold an electrical charge. Such used lead-acid batteries (ULAB) are classified as hazardous waste under the Basel Convention and their disposal is regulated in all OECD industrialized countries. When used lead-acid batteries are recycled the battery, the plastic and the metallic components are separated. The plastics are recycled and usually used to manufacture more battery cases. The used lead plates and paste material are...
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