A zoo is a facility in which animals are kept in confined spaces or enclosures, displayed to the public and can be bred. Other names for a zoo are zoological park, zoological garden and a menagerie. Zoos around the world cause concern for animal rights, which is a problem because zoos normally keep wild animals rather than domestic ones. It is believed that zoo’s began around 3500BC, which is when the oldest zoological park is recorded. The oldest known zoological collection was revealed at Hierakonpolis, Egypt in 2009. It was a menagerie which dated back to 3500BC, with exotic animals like, hippos, hartebeest, elephants, baboons and wildcats. When an animal arrives at a zoo it is put into quarantine, so that it gets used to its new surroundings and enclosures. About five animals are bred in captivity for every twenty animals on display in a modern zoo. Most animals are treated excellent and are given the right enclosures and are fed properly. Although many are mistreated and die, or even become extinct because of it. Some of the main ways an animal dies in a zoo is by malnutrition, dehydration and torture. There are six main types of zoos: Open range zoos, Public Aquaria, Petting zoo, Roadside zoo, Safari Parks and Animal Theme Parks. The treatments of animals in these zoos are all different and it depends on the location and standard of the zoo. Although there are many great zoos around the world here are some: * Tiergarten Schonnbrunn Zoo, Vienna in Austria. Is the oldest zoo in the world, it was founded in 1752 but opened to the public in 1765. It has four giant pandas. Fu-Long was the first natural panda birth in Europe. There are only a few zoos in the world that house giant pandas. On July 14th 1906, the zoo saw the birth of the first elephant in captivity. * The Singapore Zoo opened on 27th June 1973. It has about 315 species of animals which 16% of are threatened species. * National Zoological Gardens, Pretoria, South Africa. Opened in...
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