Zang (Yin) Organs Are Tcm’s Material Basis of Immunology

Topics: Immune system, Qi, Traditional Chinese medicine Pages: 6 (1696 words) Published: August 8, 2011
Zang (Yin) Organs are TCM’s Material Basis of Immunology

The lungs, spleen, kidney, liver and heart, also called the five solid organs (yin), are at the core of immune activity.  These organs also make up the zang organs in Traditional Chinese Medicine.  In TCM, the zang organs are joined with the body’s tissues, organs (viscera), qi (invisible vital energy), meridians, blood & other body fluid as well to create a unity.

Zang organs are part of the overall dynamic energy process of the human body.  Healthy energy is closely related to its physiology activities.  Human beings can actually learn a lot from the zang organs.  Despite their individual functions, they team up and act as messengers. They are responsible for transportation and storage, excess and wastes, controlling of internal communication, activating bodily functions, and making important decisions.

Traditional Chinese Medicine defines healthy energy as body’s natural resistance against diseases and its recovery and repair ability.  These functions are linked to the physiological activities of the five zang organs. In this description, you can safely relate the zang organs to the similarity of the Chakra system.

Here is a break down the organs and their functions:

1. Heart – to regulate [pic]

The heart controls and regulates blood flow throughout the body in vessels.   In Traditional Chinese Medicine, the heart is considered the chief administrator of all mental and physiological activities.  It rules the spirit (shen) which is an important aspect of mind or spirit in Chinese medicine; it refers to thought, state of consciousness or mental health. The heart influences the organs through the monarch-fire (it cooperates with the prime minister fire to promote the functional activities of the organs), also called the heart fire. The prime minister fire (a yang-energy that originates from the vital gate and which is stored in the liver, gallbladder and triple-burner) assists the heart to promote the functional activities of the other organs.

The heart also possesses our Western understanding of the brain’s role in regulating the nervous, cardiovascular and endocrine functions.  In addition, meridians are the pathways of qi and blood circulation, as well as the channels where the immune functions take effect, the triple burner, which is actually a collective term for the upper, middle and lower burner, (the upper burner is located above the diaphragm and includes the heart and lungs. The middle burner is located in the region above the belly button and below the diaphragm and includes the spleen and stomach. The lower burner is located below the belly button, and it includes the liver, kidneys, large intestine, small intestine and bladder)  directs the various types of qi, and they act as the channel stations for body fluids to circulate. They have an important effect on immune activities.

2. Liver – to maintain [pic]

According to TCM, the liver  is responsible for part of the functions of the endocrine, digestive, circulatory and immune systems. The liver promotes flowing and spreading movements; by stimulating flow, the liver adjusts and ensures the smooth flux of qi, blood and body fluids throughout the body. The Chinese believe emotional activity(The five yin organs of the human body produce five kinds of essential qi, which bring forth joy, anger, grief, worry, and fear) is an outer manifestation of the physiological status of the internal organ system, and is considered the major internal cause for diseases (endogenous evils in extreme conditions). Normal emotional health depends on the balance of qi and blood flow. Once the liver is flowing, diseases are kept out.

3. Kidneys – at the basis/root


TCM say the kidneys are the “congenital foundation of life”, the root of healthy energy. The stored kidney essence (jing) is the material basis for the entire body’s yin and yang (Yin yang theory is a kind of logic, which views...
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