Zambia's Case for Formulating Diaspora Policy

Topics: Government, Policy, Zambia Pages: 38 (11143 words) Published: July 4, 2013

EXPLORING EXPANDED PARTICIPATION IN ZAMBIA’S DEVELOPMENT BY ZAMBIANS LIVING ABROAD: With a focus on Investment Policy Formulation.

Presented to the International Dialogue on Migration
Paul Lupunga, 9 March 2010

Abstract

Zambia, a Southern Sub-Saharan country with a population of approximately 12 million is a net exporter of human capital whose economic returns from this human capital are anecdotally indicated as negative. The effects of brain drain and the potential gains that could be harnessed from the Diaspora, a term here referring to Zambia’s emigrant population, are currently not attended to nor coordinated under government programs. In view of the foregoing, this paper focuses on exploring ways in which government policy may enhance the contribution to Zambia’s development by Zambia’s Diaspora with particular focus on Investment. It is hoped that the study results will contribute to increased efficiencies in transmission of remittances targeted at investment, from amongst Zambia’s Diaspora, - through government learning and adaptation of policy practice across Africa.

Key Words: Zambia, Diaspora, Remittances, Investment, Policy, Development.

Table of Contents

Introduction………………………………………………….......

1.0. Statement of the problem………………………………….

1.1. Justification……………………………………..................

1.2. Modeling the problem……………………………………...

1.3. Research Question………………………........................

2.0. Methodology..………….……………….………………......

3.0 Research Findings………………………………………….

3.1. Zambian Government Ministries and Agents……………

3.2. Country Experiences, Kenya & Uganda………...............

3.3. Country Experiences, Ghana & Nigeria.………..............

4.0. Research Discussion ..….………………………………….

4.1. Zambian Diaspora: Policy demand ………………….......

4.2. Suggested Ways Forward…………………………………

5.0. Conclusion ..………………………..……………………….

Bibliography………………………..…..………………............

Annexes..……………………………………………………….

Tables:

Table 1. Country Diaspora Investment Policies

Table 2. Appeals by senior government officials for Diaspora to invest in Zambia

Table 3. Ghana Remittances from 2000-2006

Table 4. Nigeria Remittances from 2000-2006

EXPLORING EXPANDED PARTICIPATION IN ZAMBIA’S DEVELOPMENT BY ZAMBIANS LIVING ABROAD, WITH A FOCUS ON INVESTMENT.

Introduction

This paper seeks to contribute to answering the question "How can the government of Zambia attract investments by Zambians living abroad, using lessons from other countries?” I will begin the paper by laying grounds justifying the need for the research question and its demand for a policy response. I will then make reference to global trends in general and African experiences specifically in country development and the use of Diaspora investment policies in order to learn what policies Zambia can adopt and how it may adopt them with a view to raising the levels of capital flow into the country, in its various forms. The case of what policies may be adopted will then be modeled using an adaptation of Gamlens (2006) typology of government capacity and Diaspora incentive as policy areas that require specific attention. Government institutions will be assessed with regard to these criteria and compared to Diaspora policies of other countries. The paper will find that although Zambia has been considering Diaspora policy that enables investment as evidenced by political pronouncements it will need to sufficiently institutionalize Diaspora policy to reap optimal benefit from the Diaspora. I will then go on to suggest how policies may be developed and what policy areas may be considered priority when drawn from other country experiences. In conclusion I suggest areas for future possible study which this paper has not covered and yet are relevant to answering the question "How can the government of Zambia attract investments by Zambians living abroad, using lessons from...

Bibliography: http://www.bridgewater.edu/zanoba/Zambia%20Brain%20DRain.html
Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, 1999, Ch
http://www.nigeria-law.org/ConstitutionOfTheFederalRepublicOfNigeria.htm
Economic Report 2008, 2009, Ministry of Finance and National Planning, Lusaka.
IOM, 2006, Engaging Diasporas as Development Partner for home and Destination Countries: Challenges for Policymakers, in Migration Research Series No. 26, International Organisation for Migration, Geneva.
International Organisation for Migration, 2007, ‘Facts and Figures – Zambia,’ as viewed at
http://iom.org.za/site/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=62&Itemid=67
Post Newspapers Zambia Ltd, 2009, NCC Unanimously Adopts Dual Citizenship for Constitution, 9th June 2009, Printpak, Lusaka.
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