UU200: Ethics and Governance
MODE (FACE-TO-FACE or DFL)
YOUR ID NUMBER
YOUR TUTOR’S NAME
Ms Smita Singh
TUTORIAL DAY AND TIME
ESSAY NUMBER AND TOPIC
4, Should there be law against adultery
DECLARATION: I declare that this essay is my original work. Due credit has been given to all sources I used.
Signature and Date: 15/04/15
Love is patient, love never fails and adultery was understood to be destructive in the earliest days of civilization, thus earning its own ‘Thou Shalt Not’. Adultery literally refers to married persons having sexual intercourse with someone other than their lawful spouse. Adultery is hurtful and affects psychologically, spiritually and emotionally. Philosophers who teach an ethical theories of conduct named utilitarianism, state that hurting people is wrong, period. In this essay I will discuss why should there be a law against adultery. When two people walk down the aisle and promise to love one another ‘till death do us part’ they are stating that they will never stray from their loved one and always be true to them. However, a number of research has initiated that more spouses have broken their vows which they had made to keep their marriage sacred to each other. Adultery has been viewed by the law in many jurisdictions as an offense injurious to public morals and also as an abuse of the marriage relationship. Committing adultery is not uncommon to say the least. I strongly believe that there should be laws against adultery. Our society has come up with catchphrases which try to justify the view of adultery such as sleeping around, fooling around or having an extramarital affair to name a few. These expressions try to defend adultery as being guilt-free. However, some social conservatives are fighting for what they view as a serious article of faith for example criminal adultery laws. In the United States of America, in the 2010, people were still being prosecuted for breaching their marital vows. The laws were some of the last remnants of their puritanical past, in which adultery was treated as a criminal matter and not only a marital affair. (Turley, 2010) Utilitarians believe the morality of an action always depends on the amount of utility it will create which is either pleasure or pain. If there is a greater amount of pleasure r lesser pain then we can say that the action was morally better than another. We should always remember that the greatest amount of pleasure compared to the pain can only be achieved through the right action. Utilitarianism is mainly based on common sense, however it can be absurdly demanding. While some of the laws have been challenged as unconstitutional, many people are still unaffected to the idea of removing such morality crimes from our books (Jeremy Bentham, 1987). Millions of partners promise in front of God and their witnesses to be loyal and faithful all their lives. It is a fact, though, that many spouses break that promise at some point in life. There are those who argue that casual sex is a necessity and therefore, unavoidable. (Richard Wasserstrom, 1994) believed that there are two arguments for the immorality of adultery. The first reason is that adultery is breaking of a promise of sexual exclusivity. Now this is very hurtful and disrespectful. The second reason is that the immorality of adultery is wrong. This is because it links deception to adultery and when this exists then it is quite clear that deception is not right and therefore adultery is immoral as well. Deontological indicates that some actions are either right or wrong and this is regardless of their consequences. Moreover, John Stuart Mill's utilitarian moral theory takes deontology a step further by including the significance of consequences that is the greatest good for the greatest number....
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