Youth Justice System

Topics: Crime, Criminal justice, Criminology Pages: 3 (2116 words) Published: November 2, 2014

The Youth Justice System went through lots of change over the past 25 years and the laws have evolved even today. If you are thinking about youth crime, most people think of gang related crimes but there are lots of kinds of offence inside youth crime. The most common is drug-taking or drug dealing, but unfortunately we can meet many serious crime which caused by youth, it includes murder as well. Have you ever wondered why for example 10 years old killers are behind bars? Youth crimes are maybe the most difficult to make judgements, so the laws have been changed and getting tighter a lot. In my assignment I will write about the changes of the youth justice system in the past 25 years. Nearly twenty-five years ago in 1988 the Criminal Justice Act published. This Act tightened the custody system on youth offenders, and specified activities as a statutory alternative to custody. The youth custody centres and detention centres amalgamated into young offender institutions. One year after a new legislation appeared. In 1989 the Children Act abolished care orders and supervision orders in criminal proceedings; furthermore they established a separate family proceedings court so the juvenile court could deal purely with offending. The tragic death of James Bulger (age of two) in 1993 by Jon Venables and Robert Thompson, both aged ten encouraged the Criminal Justice System to make the YJS tighter. Jon Venables and Robert Thompson were then locked up in isolated secure units for nine months until their trial for murder in an adult court.  The first action was from the Audit Commission, who published a report, Misspent Youth, in 1996, which wasn’t satisfied with the YJS, it said the YJS is not efficient and it’s too expensive. One year later the Home Office published to White Paper (Labour), No More Excuses, which was talking about a reform for the YJS. These set the basis for the Crime and Disorder Act (1998) (‘the 1998’s act). Although the principle, and statutory aim...

Bibliography: oldson, B. Muncie, J. (2006), Youth Crime and Justice, London, Sage Publications
Home Office, (1997), White Paper, No More Excuses: A new approach to tackling youth crime in England and Wales
Muncie, J. (2009), Youth and Crime, 3rd edition, London, Sage publications
Maguire, M. Morgan, R and Reiner, R. (2002), The Oxford Handbook of Criminology, 3rd Edition, Oxford, Oxford University Press.
Open University (2006) K269 Social Care, Social Work and the Law, Workbook 3 The Criminal Justice and Youth Justice Systems, Milton Keynes, The Open University.
Open University (2009) K269 Update Supplement, Workbook 3 The Criminal Justice and Youth Justice Systems, Milton Keynes, The Open University.
Sctraton P. (2004), Childhood in Crisis, Taylor & Francis
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