Q1. Why does the author say that people who belong to his post independence generation should not take independence for granted?
We won our freedom after years of slavery and all this required great struggle and sacrifice. The author asks the post independence generation to take care to avoid being easy and complacent. They should not take independent for granted because its maintenance is a more onerous task than its attainment.
Q2. The writer feels that the youth can be a great source of power to the nation. Why? Do you agree with him? Give reasons for your answer.
The writer feels that the youth can be a great source of power to the nation. If this power be properly channelized and they are helped to follow idealism and energy without being aggressive they can greatly help strengthening their nation. They can then safeguard secularism and idealism on which a mighty nation is founded. I fully agree with the author. Indeed youth can be a great source of power to the country. They have to provide leadership in all fields of life. They have, however, to train and discipline themselves to attain the goal of nation building.
Q3. “…...…. A mere desire to be a service is not enough, it must be …….….” what are the abilities the writer feels the youth should be equipped with to be able to serve the nation?
Accordingly to the writer, the youth must equipped themselves with physical , mental, moral and spiritual abilities. Discipline and teamsmenship are required for all those intending to join the defence forces. Then they must aim at and strive to get academic abilities of the highest order in this nuclear era and must not indulge in purposeless and disruptive pursuits. In addition, they must shun getting involved in partly politics and focus themselves on national development. They must also cultivate pure nationalism, patriotism and spirituality in order to be able to strive for peace and harmony among people following different faiths and religious.
Q4. “Having muscles of iron and nerves of steel” means
It means, “Being both physically fit and mentally strong”.
Q5. Besides physical endurance. The author talks about three other qualities that are essential for the defence personnel. Which are they?
According to the author, physical endurance is essential for the defence personnel. There are three other things, which the youth planning to join defence forces must have. These three things are the qualities of discipline, team spirit and corporate progress.
Q6. “We live in a highly competitive age of science and technology and can no longer afford the luxury of mediocrity if we are to forge ahead.” By this sentence, the author means that.
The author means that we must be intellectually superior to make progress in science and technology.
Q7. According to the author, “those undergoing higher education constitude the privileged elite.” Why does he think so? And what does he expect them to do for the nation?
The author rightly thinks that those undergoing higher education constitute the privileged elite. In a developing country like India, large number are still unable to acquire even primary education. The author is, therefore expecting them to repay their debt to society by not wasting a single moment of their academic life in futile or disruptive pursuits. On the other hand, they must do their best to become able and efficient in their respective fields of study so that they can serve the nation with greater ability and efficiency.
Q8. The writer warns that the educated youth must keep themselves away from some futile pursuits.” What are the futile pursuits he is hinting at?
In accordance with the author, the educated youth must concentrate solely on the service of the nation and in order to make assure that they can do it effectively, the author warns that hey keep themselves away from some futile pursuits’. He is hinting at getting involved in party...
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