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By vimalrathi71 Sep 07, 2013 668 Words
India Demographics Profile 2013
Home > Factbook > Countries > India
Population| 1,205,073,612 (July 2012 est.)|
Age structure| 0-14 years: 29.3% (male 187,386,162/female 165,345,284)  15-24 years: 18.2% (male 116,019,042/female 103,660,359) 
25-54 years: 40.2% (male 249,017,538/female 235,042,251) 
55-64 years: 6.8% (male 41,035,270/female 40,449,880) 
65 years and over: 5.6% (male 31,892,823/female 35,225,003) (2012 est.)| Median age| total: 26.5 years 
male: 25.9 years 
female: 27.2 years (2012 est.)|
Population growth rate| 1.312% (2012 est.)|
Birth rate| 20.6 births/1,000 population (2012 est.)|
Death rate| 7.43 deaths/1,000 population (July 2012 est.)| Net migration rate| -0.05 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2012 est.)| Urbanization| urban population: 30% of total population (2010)  rate of urbanization: 2.4% annual rate of change (2010-15 est.)| Major cities - population| NEW DELHI (capital) 21.72 million; Mumbai 19.695 million; Kolkata 15.294 million; Chennai 7.416 million; Bangalore 7.079 million (2009)| Sex ratio| at birth: 1.12 male(s)/female 

under 15 years: 1.13 male(s)/female 
15-64 years: 1.07 male(s)/female 
65 years and over: 0.9 male(s)/female 
total population: 1.08 male(s)/female (2011 est.)|
Infant mortality rate| total: 46.07 deaths/1,000 live births  male: 44.71 deaths/1,000 live births 
female: 47.59 deaths/1,000 live births (2012 est.)|
Life expectancy at birth| total population: 67.14 years  male: 66.08 years 
female: 68.33 years (2012 est.)|
Total fertility rate| 2.58 children born/woman (2012 est.)| HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate| 0.3% (2009 est.)|
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS| 2.4 million (2009 est.)| HIV/AIDS - deaths| 170,000 (2009 est.)|
Sanitation facility access| improved: 
urban: 54% of population 
rural: 21% of population 
total: 31% of population 
urban: 46% of population 
rural: 79% of population 
total: 69% of population|
Major infectious diseases| degree of risk: high 
food or waterborne diseases: bacterial diarrhea, hepatitis A and E, and typhoid fever  vectorborne diseases: chikungunya, dengue fever, Japanese encephalitis, and malaria  animal contact disease: rabies 

water contact disease: leptospirosis 
note: highly pathogenic H5N1 avian influenza has been identified in this country; it poses a negligible risk with extremely rare cases possible among US citizens who have close contact with birds (2009)| Nationality| noun: Indian(s) 

adjective: Indian|
Ethnic groups| Indo-Aryan 72%, Dravidian 25%, Mongoloid and other 3% (2000)| Religions| Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 census)| Languages| Hindi 41%, Bengali 8.1%, Telugu 7.2%, Marathi 7%, Tamil 5.9%, Urdu 5%, Gujarati 4.5%, Kannada 3.7%, Malayalam 3.2%, Oriya 3.2%, Punjabi 2.8%, Assamese 1.3%, Maithili 1.2%, other 5.9%  note: English enjoys the status of subsidiary official language but is the most important language for national, political, and commercial communication; Hindi is the most widely spoken language and primary tongue of 41% of the people; there are 14 other official languages: Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, Urdu, Gujarati, Malayalam, Kannada, Oriya, Punjabi, Assamese, Kashmiri, Sindhi, and Sanskrit; Hindustani is a popular variant of Hindi/Urdu spoken widely throughout northern India but is not an official language (2001 census)| Literacy| definition: age 15 and over can read and write  total population: 61% 

male: 73.4% 
female: 47.8% (2001 census)|
School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education)| total: 10 years  male: 11 years 
female: 10 years (2007)|
Education expenditures| 3.1% of GDP (2006)|
Maternal mortality rate| 200 deaths/100,000 live births (2010)| Children under the age of 5 years underweight| 43.5% (2006)| Health expenditures| 2.4% of GDP (2009)|
Physicians density| 0.599 physicians/1,000 population (2005)| Hospital bed density| 0.9 beds/1,000 population (2005)|

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