KULLIYYAH OF ECONOMICS AND MANAGEMENT SCIENCES
(CITY OF YORBA LINDA, CALIFORNIA)
INTEGRATED CASE STUDY
TERM CASE ANALYSIS REPORT
SEMESTER 1, 2014/2015 SESSION
MUHAMMAD FIKRI BIN AHMAD
PROF DR NIK NAZLI NIK AHMAD
DEAN, KENMS IIUM
9 - 10
The case study mainly discussed on the City of Yorba Linda, California. The case overview would be the budgeting process made by the elected member of city council for the year 1991 until year 1993 since the budget cycle is every two years. A bit of background of Yorba Linda would be city located in northern Orange County in California, was incorporated in 1967 as a general law city. Yorba Linda is known to be the birthplace for Richard Nixon the 37th president of the United States, and is the home of the Nixon Presidential Library.
Since 1980 Yorba Linda had been growing at a rate of about 3,000 people per year. In 1991 the city had 53,000 residents living in approximately 18.5 square miles. Yorba Linda also used a city manager form of government. Mr. Simonian, the city manager, was a full-time employee appointed by the City Council to manage all city departments except Legal Services. The city’s budget included 68 full-time employee positions for general city operations and 17 for library operations.
The crisis begin when for only the second time in city history, the budget table by the city manager was not unanimously approved. The final vote was four in favour and one abstention. The abstaining council member raised several issues and the most important and highlighted one would be increment of 24.9% in police service costs which the city outsource from the neighboring City of Brea. The reason for disagreement would be the concern made over overpaid police personnel and City of Brea is taking advantage over Yorba Linda.
Mr. Simonian is in dilemma when one of the City Council constantly opposed to his committee members budgets proposal to run Yorba Linda. The dilemma arise when the fact that this disagreement happened to be the second time since Yorba Linda existed in 1967. Though he had explained and argued well with the disagreed City Council Member, the budget is approved with four in favour and one abstention. He had try his best by justifying the reason to the council members. It seems the program budget to replace line-item budget is not convincing enough. The disagreed member of City Council still questioning over the impact of cost increase over benefits of Yorba Linda’s citizens.
Through PESTEL analysis we are going to evaluate the external factors that have impact on the City of Yorba Linda both in long and short terms. These factors include Political, Economic, Social, Technology, Environment and Legal aspects that are evaluated further in the following paragraphs.
The signatory of Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (START) between United States of America and Soviet Union.
The treaty was signed on 31 July of 1991 between this two blocks which has just ended their
Cold War. The treaty is signed to bar the signatory from deploying any nuclear warheads to both countries hence preventing from any further world war to happen. It also gives impact to Yorba Linda in the sense that the focus of the nation is no longer in combatting war but to develop their own nation. It also gives more confident to the investor to chip in money as peace is to be resumed by having above agreement. The dissolution of Soviet Union marks the winning of America over Cold War in 1991....
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streamline priorities. (Wilks, 1995) mentioned that the goal should be to encourage and enable
long-term planning by moving away from incrementalist techniques and by replacing rule-based
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