Sutra – Sanskrit word translated as thread. Laws of Vedic teachings occurring in Hindu history between 1500 B.C. and 500 B.C. Ashtanga – word translation is “8 Limbs” (as laid out in the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali) Asana practice as interpreted by Krishnamacharaya and Sri K. Pattabhi Jois circa 1948 from an ancient text; Yoga Korunta which describes a particular Hatha yoga system developed by Vamana Rishi. Tapas – choosing pain as a path to personal transcendence; austerity. The goal of Yoga –to attain a divine state consciousness, aka union with Godhead (Samahdi) Hatha – A comprehensive and fundamental practice that uses Asanas, Pranayama, meditation (Dharana & Dhyana) and kundalini (Laya Yoga) to achieve enlightenment or self-realization. Emphasis on a calm and meditative approach to the practice. Kundalini – focus is on awakening the energy at the base of the spine (Kundalini) and drawing it upward. Also includes chanting, meditation, and breathing exercises. Yamas – ethics, morals
Niyamas – self reflection, self analyzing
Asanas – postures of yoga practice
Pranayama – control of breath during practice
Prathyahara – detachment from the senses
What is OM – Universal sound of God, Amen, Divine resonance in all living things Japa Yoga – Repetition of a mantra or deity name. Leads to meditative state. Shakti Yoga – Asanas, pranayama and the meditation practiced with great discipline. Focusing on a single point is emphasized. It stimulates the central nervous system which is known as ‘kal darshan’. It helps activate all the senses and also activates every nerve in the body. Karma Yoga – the practice of doing entirely with selfless service, egoless work. The three Gunas – 3 stages of existence, inseparable, manifesting as a trilogy and not independent of one to the other. 5 causes of suffering (Kleshas) – Avidya/ignorance, Asmita/egoism, Raga/attachment, Dvesa/aversion, Abhinivesa/fear of death. 5 states of mind – Kshipta/disturbed, Mudha/dull,...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document