Yoga can be defined as “a system of exercises practiced as part of this discipline to promote control of the body and mind.” There are many different types of yoga practised around the world. Some of the most popular types include Hatha, Bikram, Vinyasa, Kundalini, Ashtanga, and Iyengar yoga. Hatha yoga, unknown when and how it originated, is one of the most practised types of yoga around the world. This type of yoga uses poses and conscious breathing in combination with mental focus to develop awareness, relaxations, flexibility, and strength. Hatha yoga helps with the strengthening of the heart and the slowing down of respiration. Studies have shown that Hatha yoga is beneficial in the treating of certain conditions such as heart disease, arthritis, hypertension, depression, carpal tunnel syndrome, and chronic pain (Ken R. Wells, 2012). Bikram yoga, also known as “hot yoga” is a type of Hatha yoga and was developed by Bikram Choudhurry. This type of yoga consists of twenty six different poses and two breathing exercises. Bikram yoga is practised in a room or studio that is toasty and well above body temperature. The temperature of the room usually sits around forty degrees Celsius. The purpose of the heated room is to allow deep muscle stretching while preventing injury. This type of yoga aims to increase general health, rejuvenate the body, enhance flexibility, relax and reduce stress, boost the immune system and flush the body of toxins through perspiration. Participants need to be sure to drink plenty of water in order to stay hydrated throughout the session. Vinyasa Yoga is known as the breathing system and is a combinations of breathe and movement from one pose to the next. The word Vinyasa stands for connection. It is the connection of each pose through breathing techniques. This technique is used in many types of yoga, including Ashtanga and Iyengar. Sometimes it is called Vinyesa flow, because of the way the poses run together. It kind of becomes a...
References: (1) "Hatha yoga." Ken R. Wells. The Gale Encyclopedia of Fitness, Ed. Jacqueline L.Longe.Detroit: Gale, 2012. 2 vols.
(2) "Vinyasa yoga." Rebecca J. Frey, PhD. and Laura Jean Cataldo, RN, EdD. The Gale Encyclopaedia of Fitness, Ed. Jacqueline L. Longe. Detroit: Gale, 2012. 2 vols.
(3) Melanie MacNeal, New Life Journal. Nov 2006 v7 i11 p32(1)
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