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By ayodee Oct 08, 2012 1296 Words
|Answer key: | |CELL CITY INTRODUCTION! | | | |Floating around in the cytoplasm are small structures called organelles. Like the organs in your own body, each one carries out a specific | |function necessary for the cell to survive. Imagine the cells as a miniature city. The organelles might represent companies, places, or parts | |of the city because they each have similar jobs. | | | |Below are the descriptions of important parts of the Cell City: | | | |City Part | |Function | |Cell Part | | | |City Limits | |Controls what goes in and out of the city | |cell membrance | | | | | |Road System | | | |Allows for movement throughout the city | |endoplasmic reticulum | | | | | |City Hall | | | |Controls all the activities in of the city | |Nucleus | | | | | |City Auditor | |Stores all the records of the city and passes them on as the city grows | |Chromosomes | | | |City Planning Office | |A place in the city hall where plans are made for the construction of the city | |Nucleous | | | | | |Construction Company | |Builds structures for the city | |Ribosomes | | | |Delivery Van | |Delivers products made at the construction company to other locations in the city | |transport vesicle | | | |Food Processing Plant | |Processes large quantities of food entering the city into smaller packages that can be used more easily | |Lysosomes | | | |Warehouse | |Stores materials needed by the city | |Vacuole | | | |Power Company | |Produces energy for the city | |Mitochondria | | | |Solar Power Plant | |Uses the sun’s energy to produce power for the city | |Chloroplast | | | | | |As you move through this worksheet, see if you can match the important parts of the city listed above to the specific organelles found in | |cells. Be sure to write neatly, and in complete sentences. | |As you move through this worksheet, see if you can match the important parts of the city listed above to the specific organelles found in | |cells. Be sure to write neatly, and in complete sentences. | | | | | | | | | |The nucleus is a large, round/oval structure usually located near the center of the cell. It is the control center for all the activities of | |the cell. | |What company or place does the nucleus resemble in a Cell City? | | | |City Hall | | | |Why do you think so? | |The nucleus controls all of the activities of the cell as city hall controls all the activities in of the city. | | | |The cell membrane is a thin, flexible envelope that surrounds the cell. It allows the cell to change shape and controls what goes into and out | |of the cell | |What company or place does the cell membrane resemble in a Cell City? | | | |City Limits | | | |Why do you think so? | | | |The cell membrane controls what goes into and out of the cell as the city limits control what goes in and out of the city. | | | |The endoplasmic reticulum consists of a network of a tube-like passageway that proteins from the ribosomes are transported through. | |What company or place does the endoplasmic reticulum resemble in a Cell City? | | | |Road System | | | |Why do you think so? | | | |The endoplasmic reticulum consists of a network of a tube-like passageway through which proteins from the ribosomes are able to be moved within| |a cell as the road system allows for movement throughout the city. | | | |The ribosomes are small grain-like bodies made mostly of RNA and produced in the nucleolus. Proteins are constructed at the ribosomes. | |What company or place do the ribosomes resemble in a Cell City? | | | |Construction Company | | | |Why do you think so? | | | |Proteins which are building blocks of cells are constructed at the ribosomes as are structures for the city are built by a construction | |company. | | | |The jelly-like area between the nucleus and the cell membrane is called the cytoplasm. It helps organelles move throughout the cell. | |What company or place does the cytoplasm resemble in a Cell City? | | | |Waters flowing throughout Venice | | | |Why do you think so? | | | |The city of Venice is the only city of which I can think that has anything resembling a jelly-like area outside of city hall and within the | |city wall that helps specialized parts of a city move. That place would be the waters flowing throughout Venice. The waters via gondolas, | |waterbuses, or boats help transport persons and material within the city. | | | |The mitochondria are tiny bean-shaped structures in the cytoplasm with a smooth outer membrane, and a greatly folded inner membrane. They | |supply the energy for the cell by transforming sugars into energy. | |What company or place do the mitochondria resemble in a Cell City? | | | |Power Company | | | |Why do you think so? | | | |The mitochondria supply the energy for the cell by transforming sugars into energy as does a power company produce energy for the city. | | | |The chromosomes are rod-shaped bodies found in the nucleus. They are made of DNA and protein. They contain all the information to run the cell.| |They also pass on the hereditary traits of the cell to new cells. | |What company or place do the chromosomes resemble in a Cell City? | | | |City Auditor | | | |Why do you think so? | | | |The chromosomes contain all the information to run the cell and pass on the hereditary traits of the cell to new cells as does the city auditor| |stores all the records of the city and passes them on as the city grows. | | | |The chloroplast is an oval, green structure found in the cytoplasm. It contains chlorophyll. It captures the sun’s energy and uses it to | |produces sugars in a process called photosynthesis. | |What company or place does the chloroplast resemble in a Cell City? | | | |Solar Power Plant | | | |Why do you think so? | | | |The chloroplast captures the sun’s energy and uses it to produces sugars which is used to power a cell as a solar power plant uses the sun’s | |energy to produce power for the city. | | | |The lysosomes are small round structures found in the cytoplasm. They contain digestive enzymes that break down large food particles into | |sugars and other simple substances. | |What company or place do the lysosomes resemble in a Cell City? | | | |Food Processing Plant | | | |Why do you think so? | | | |The lysosomes contain digestive enzymes that break down large food particles into sugars and other simple substances that can be used more | |easily as does a food processing plant that processes large quantities of food entering the city into smaller packages that can be used more | |easily. | | | |The vacuole is a large, round sac found in the cytoplasm. It stores water, food, wastes, or other materials needed by the cell. | |What company or place does the vacuole resemble in a Cell City? | | | |Warehouse | | | |Why do you think so? | | | |The vacuole stores water, food, and other materials needed by the cell like a warehouse stores materials needed by the city. | | | |Now that you made the comparison between the parts of a city and the organelles of a cell, draw out your city! | | | |Make sure to label all 10 of the parts you identified in the Cell City, as well as which cell organelle they resemble. | | | | | |Go to Cells alive! for free use of interactive animal and plant cells at http://www.cellsalive.com/cells/cell_model.htm | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | |[pic] | | | | | | | |Animal Cell Pictured Below | | | |cell membrane lysosomes | |chloroplast (See plant cell below, not pictured here.) mitochondrion | |chromosomes nucleus | |[pic] | |cytoplasm ribosomes | |endoplasmic reticulum vacuole | |Picture retrieved September 16, 2010, from | |http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=animal+cell+picture&form=QBIR&qs=AS&sk=SQ2AS4&pq=animal+cell&sp=7&sc=8-11#focal=d85f74f74691016d47e9d2b41ef| |56894&furl=http%3A%2F%2Fmrscienceut.net%2FAnimalCell.jpg

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