Comparing the Way of Sharing Power in the United States Government and in the Yemeni Government
After their unification, both the United States and the Republic of Yemen have practiced democracy, but the way they share the power in their government is really different. Both of the country wrote their own constitution in which the power and responsibilities of the government are mentioned. The power sharing system in the government, the individual freedom of people, and the way the government power influences the local authorities and the citizens , they all are seemed to be similar between two countries in the first glance, but they become irony in reality. After the United States got independence from England in 1776, they established the federal presidential constitutional republic. Although the central government is above the state governments, the state governments have their own power and authority which the central government doesn’t have. The Constitution created in 1787 is the highest law in the land and above of everyone in the country. In 1990, the South Yemen and the North Yemen became united as one country called The Republic of Yemen. After the federation, the country’s government has become the unitary semi-presidential republic. In that government system, the national government is the one single unit of the government and the highest. The local authorities only have very little power which the central government has granted them. Although both of the countries’ governments are democratic government, the power sharing system between the national government and local authorities or state governments is contradictory to each other. One of the most important differences about power in those two countries is the power of the religion. In 1789, when the Bill of Right is added to the United States constitution, the very first Amendment includes the freedom of religion for the country. It gives the citizens the full right to believe in whatever religion they want. The purpose is to protect the religion from the effects of politics and to keep the politics out of religion. Of course, it can’t stop the religion from affecting the politics; nevertheless it can make those two things separated. In contrast, in the very first sentence of the Constitution of Yemen, it states that Yemen is an Arab Islamic country, and in Article 2, it claims that “Islam is the religion of the state”, and Article 3, “Islamic Shari’ah is the source of all legislation” (Constitution of the Republic of Yemen, 1) which means the laws directly come from Islamic laws. Also in the later parts in the Constitution, it mentions the people chosen or elected for higher position of the government must be Islam. It can be assumed like the religion of the country is the politics of the country. Therefore, the religious group of the country will definitely have the power over government as the Constitution itself is made up of religious laws, which is opposite to the United States. The President of the United States has the executive power (Constitution of the United States of America). In Yemen, the President is the head of the state, and the Prime Minister who is chosen by the President is the head of the government. The term of the presidency is 4 years 2 terms in U.S. and 7 years 1 term in Yemen. It shows that the elections in Yemen are more important for citizens because if they don’t like the President, they have to wait for a long period to vote a new President. Moreover, a 7-year term is nearly the double of the U.S.’s presidential term. It’s like if a president is elected in Yemen, he is given the power for a time as much as about two terms of U.S. President’s, without another election in the halfway of his tenure. In the Legislative Branch of the United States government, there is the Congress, and it is divided into the House of Representatives and the Senate. For Yemen, there are the House of Representatives and the Consultative...
Bibliography: * Ali Abdullah Saleh. Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 2013
* Bulter, Rhett. Yemen: Government and Politics. 1994-2013.
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