Year Long Topic Medicine- European History

Topics: Medicine, Age of Enlightenment, Industrial Revolution Pages: 2 (697 words) Published: August 24, 2013
Marissa Philp
Mr. Molinaro-Thompson
European History
Year long topic
7 May 2013
Year Long Topic
I have chosen the evolution of medicine for my year long topic. I chose to research the evolution of medicine because I have always wanted to work in the medical field whether as a nurse, a surgeon or a veterinarian. The definition of medicine is the science of diagnosing, treating, or preventing disease and other damage to the body or mind (“”). It is natural for people to get sick and it’s natural for someone to be curious as to how to cure them. Medicine has advanced a lot over time. We can treat many more diseases and ailments than in the past.

During the enlightenment period medicine really began to change. Enlightenment thinkers such as William Harvey and Andreas Vesalius are some of the people credited for a substantial change in the field of medicine during the enlightenment period. William Harvey took a deeper look into the human heart and accurately described the way blood is pumped through the body. Andreas Vesalius studied the fabric of the human body. These two are only a couple of the many that contributed to the medical field during the enlightenment.

During the industrial revolution the medical field grew and advanced in many ways. One of the greatest discoveries in the industrial revolution was x-rays. X-rays were discovered by Wilhelm Roentgen in the year 1895. Another great development was anesthetics. This discovery allowed more complicated procedures to be done. Anesthetics were discovered by Humphrey Davy, who realized that inhaling ether relieved pain (Lambert). Around this time period James Simpson started using chloroform during his procedures. Many people didn’t approve of this until Queen Victoria insisted in having chloroform used while she gave birth to her eighth child in 1853 (Lambert). Louis Pasteur discovered that illness and disease was caused by microscopic bacteria. After he proved this, others were able to identify cures...

Cited: thefreedictionary.com. Houghton Mifflin, n.d. Web. 7 May 2013. <http://www.thefreedictionary.com/p/medicine>.
Lambert, Tim. A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION. N.p.. Web. 7 May 2013. <http://www.localhistories.org/industrial.html>.
"History of Medicine The 20th Century And On: Drugs to Treat Sicknesses." SEED. Schlumberger Excellence in Educational Development, n.d. Web. 7 May 2013. <http://www.planetseed.com/relatedarticle/20th-century-and-drugs-treat-sicknesses>.
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