Section B: Summary of Evidence
Josip Tito creates a communist Yugoslavia.
Various Yugoslavian states divided into Republics.1
The Bosniaks are abundant in Bosnia & Herzegovina.
Nationalism in Yugoslavia is on the rise in the 1980’s.2
Between 1991 and 1992 Slovenia, Croatia, Macedonia, Bosnia & Herzegovina, Serbia and Montenegro all gain independence. The Serbs want to regain Power in Yugoslavia.
Bosnia at this time was 43% Muslim, 31% Serbian and 17% Croatian.3 April 6, 1992, Serbs place Bosnian capital, Sarajevo under siege and occupy 70% of the country.4 The West do not interfere in the Balkans.
April 1993 – UN declares Srebrenica, Zeca and Gorazde among 6, “Safe areas”.5 Srebrenica was attacked in the summer of 1995, UN peacekeepers failed to help.6 Serbian forces separated the Bosniak7 civilians.
The women were bussed off to Serb held territory; most of them were raped and sexually assaulted. The men were killed instantly or gathered and sent to concentration camps or mass killing sites. 7,000-8,000 Bosniaks were massacred by Serbs.8
The Serbs bomb a market in Sarajevo.
The world suddenly becomes more interested in the Bosnian crisis.9 NATO bombed Serb forces10
Section C: Evaluation of the Sources
The First source I will be evaluating will be the newspaper article, ‘Still These Mass Killers Walk Free; The Chilling Diaries of Death That Catalogue Europe’s Worst War Crimes’’ By Janine Di Giovanni from ‘The Mail’. The article was published in 1996, towards the end of the Bosnian genocide. Janine, a multinational is one of Europe’s most respected and experienced reporters, and has a lot of experience covering war and conflict. She has won 4 major awards, including the National Magazine Awards as well as two Amnesty International awards among others.11 It appears that the author’s purpose is to help raise awareness of how the Serbs have tortured the Bosnians and why those who committed the act are still walking freely. Her article consists of excerpts from diaries; this is crucial to my investigation because it contains evidence of the Serbs committing genocide due to ethnical differences, ‘This has to be a Serbian Town’.12 As far as limitations are concerned, the author provides evidence supporting her opinion, the article more sympathetic towards the Bosniaks than biased. The second source I will evaluate is the book ‘Bosnian Muslims : Denial of a Nation’ By Francine Friedman. It was published in 1996, in Colorado, US. This was after the Bosnian genocide. The book traces the origins of the Bosnian Muslims to determine how this ethnicity became victims to genocide, or ‘ethnic cleansing’. Francine Friedman has carried out intensive research in her book; she covers the Bosniaks all the way from the early days, under the Ottoman Empire to post Genocide Bosniaks. She extensively researched why there was ethnic tension in Yugoslavia. Francine, generally uses a few secondary sources throughout her research but it is probably because there are not many primary sources available dating back to the middle ages. 13
Section D: ANALYSIS
After WW2 the Balkan states formed a united Yugoslavia. Its first president was Josip Tito; he established a communist government and divided Yugoslavia into 6 republics. Tito recognized the multiple national identities of the South Slavs, and granted them self-determination.14 Serbia and Croatia were not given the control of the land between them, Bosnia & Herzegovina, to prevent dominance of either of the states in the republic. The Muslims almost doubled between 1948 and 1991. The Factors that influenced interethnic tensions were pluralism or cultural diversity, the mobilization of ethnic groups, ethnic stratification in a society, the role of religion in the growth of ethnic nationalism, and the function of ethnic based politics in the growth of ethnic...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document