XRL Railways: Promoting Tourism in Hong Kong and China

Topics: Hong Kong, Guangzhou, Shenzhen Pages: 7 (2040 words) Published: February 22, 2012
|Programme | |(HD24032) |

| | |Tourism in Hong Kong and Pearl River Delta | |HTM 2114 |

|Pair Assignment | |Tourism infrastructure in Guangdong Province | | | |Jim Cheuk Yan , Emily 11135999D | |Yu Ka Wai, Alexa 11190834D |

Word Count: 1859
Content
Executive Summary---------------------------------------------------------P.3 Introduction------------------------------------------------------------------P.4 Benefit of developing Express Rail Link (XRL) -----------------------P.5-7 Issues aroused by developing XRL---------------------------------------P.8-11 Recommendations---------------------------------------------------------P.12-13 Conclusion--------------------------------------------------------------------P.14 References---------------------------------------------------------------------P.15

Executive Summary
In recent years, the railways development in Guangdong is prospering as the government intends to develop a comprehensive transport system in Guangdong province. Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link is always a focal point which arouses large controversy. Both China and Hong Kong government stress this project will boost tourism development between two places. Witnessing these facts, we want to investigate how XRL benefits tourism by searching secondary information including the operation of XRL, the benefits on tourism development, the issues of potential competition with airline and environmental problems. We realize that the construction of XRL although has benefits on tourism, especially in Guangdong province, however, its merits were doubted by Hong Kong people and even raised objections. Based on the information found, we also make some recommendations to solve the shortcomings of XRL and suggestions to how government should deal with the issues. Introduction

There is significant increasing number of tourists visiting China specially travelling within Pearl River Delta. Development of tourism infrastructure will be the critical issue to ease the insufficient carrying capacity to meet tourism demand. One of the important tourism infrastructures linked between HongKong and Guangdong Province is GuangZhou- ShenZhen- Hong Kong Express Rail Link (XRL). The XRL runs from the terminus which located in the north of Western Kowloon Cultrual District, heading north to Shen/Zhen Hong Kong Boundary, where it connects with the mainland section like Futian, Xiamen, Fuzhou. It aims to enhance the flow between these three regions which is attractive to short and medium journey travelers when comparing with travelling by airplane. The idea of” One hour circle living” between Hong Kong and Pearl River Delta will come into reality soon. The planning of XRL commenced in 2000 and its construction will be completed by 2015. Through these year, there were many debates concerning about the pros and cons of the construction of XRL. This project is going to investigate how Guangzhou-ShenZhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link benefits the tourism sectors and its side effect in Hong Kong region. Benefit on tourism sector

1. Accessibility
1.1Visiting friends and relatives
Before the construction of XRL, passengers need to take 2 hours to Guangzhou by Guangdong through train but the price of tickets is relatively high. It costs $190 per ticket. However, It only takes around 48minutes to Guangzhou by taking XRL and price of ticket is $10 lower than that of Guangdong through train....

References: Hong Kong International Airport Master Plan 2030 (2010). Retrieved February 19, 2012 from Airport Authority Hong Kong, Web site: http://www.hkairport2030.com/en/information/publications/mp2030.html
Hong Kong Section of Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong Express Rail Link (2011). Retrieved February 19, 2012 from Highways Department, Web site: http://www.hyd.gov.hk/xrl/public/LCPWSP/eng/p09-68e.pdf
MTR- Express Rail Link (2011). Retrieved February 19, 2012 from MTR Corporation Limited, Web site: http://www.expressraillink.hk/tc/home/
Hong Kong-Macau- Peral Rive Delta (2010). Retrieved February 19, 2012 from http://www0.hku.hk/hkprd/info/english/set_wholeprd.htm
廣深港高速鐵路香港段進一步規劃 (2010). Retrieved February 19, 2012 from http://www.info.gov.hk/gia/general/200804/22/P200804220142.htm
Development of rail affects ecosystem in Hong Kong . (2009, August 3). Ming Pao, p..
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