XMGT/230: Organizational Structure

Better Essays
Organizational Structure Paper

Carly Fader

XMGT/ 230

University of Phoenix

Today, most companies have an organizational structure, which gives a lot of character to the company and allows the consumers to see what the company values. Certain companies may have an organizational structure such as a divisional structure which is basically where functionalities of that company are divided based on the “functional” areas. However, there is also a matrix structure. A matrix structure consists of placing employees in an area based on the functional and divisional area. The company that I decided to go with is Procter & Gamble—based on my findings about the company, it appears as though Procter & Gamble has somewhat of a matrix type
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Johnson & Johnson has three types of business segments. These segments consist of Consumer Healthcare, Medical Devices & Diagnostics, and Pharmaceuticals. Johnson & Johnson based their structure off of the categories that their company has to offer. For example, consumer healthcare has several businesses under one franchise. Consumer healthcare has baby care, skin & hair care, wound care and topical, women’s health, etc. In other words, this functional avenue of a structure enables the organization and their departments to specialize in a particular area. Whether a company is big or small, a company can have this type of structure. A functional organization has an advantage when it comes to people being grouped based on skills, adaptation of an environment, training, and overall the technicality of understanding the product. Any organization has functions like marketing, finance, human resources and operations that influence and determine the organizational structure. In a divisional organization, it is run by marketing and finance department in which separate divisions work on their own operations to accomplish the goals for the overall business. These influences provide a proper chain of command on how the organization should be structured. What I have found is that Johnson & Johnson has group of people who coordinate the compliance related risk for certain …show more content…
Geographical focuses on all functions of an area and allows a department to suit local markets and tailor to their marketing. Focusing on trends is a huge aspect for an organization which definitely helps suit an organization’s needs. Now, from a customer based organization, the significance that this will play on your department will included the overall business functions. The type of organization structure you choose plays a large role on how you operate and the size of the business. A good example of this is sometimes you may go into a department store and see that there is no customer service department. Well, this is because maybe these choose to have a small staff which eliminated that area of the business, but have the staff have a more direct relationship with the consumer. Usually, if something is needed based on this functional area, the staff is required to call the manager on duty, based on hierarchy; however, there are certain instances where you have a customer service department and a manager on duty for assistance. Let’s discuss what hybrid organizational structure is, this is basically when you have a mix of elements on how jobs are related and who works with whom and who can make

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