Sam Cummings
Civics and Economics (Honors)
Period 2A
12/16/11

Congress to Parliament
Congress of the United States and the British Parliament have many similarities and quite a few differences as well. The foundation for Congress is derived from Parliament yet the differences reflect our country’s formation of independence from England. Traditions and ceremony are rich in both countries and the legislatures formed to govern them. Despite the differences, the Congress of the United States and the British Parliament remain connected through fundamental principles. In this essay, I will compare and contrast the two legislatures to illustrate.
Congress and Parliament both have a bicameral legislature or a two-house legislature. Parliament’s two houses are the Lords and the House of Commons. Members of the House of Commons are publically elected by the people of England. Currently, the House of Commons has 1,100 members. Their primary responsibility is to propose new laws, yet they also deal with financial bills such as creating a new dollar. The Lords are mostly appointed representatives chosen by Parliament. They currently have 830 members. Their responsibilities are too make laws, investigate policy issues, and often compliment the works of the House of Commons. Similarly, Congress’ houses are the Senate and the House of Representatives. These parties are both voted in by constituents or people of the United States. The Senate is often known as the “upper” house of congress while the House of Representatives is often known as the “lower” house. Both houses of Congress can propose new laws and vote on them. The overall main difference is that the Senate controls all of the Presidents meetings and appointments, and they can decide the future of a bill. The Senate is home to 100 members of Congress, while the House of Representatives is home to 435 members of Congress.
There are some requirements to be met to be eligible for these legislatures, though. To



Bibliography: http://listverse.com/2010/05/06/10-oddities-of-the-british-parliament/ http://www.parliament.uk/ http://www.usa.gov/

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