Written Disclosure as a Relevant Factor of Resilience and Meaning Finding

Topics: Emotion, Psychological resilience, Psychology Pages: 7 (2222 words) Published: August 26, 2013
Written Disclosure As a Relevant Factor of Resilience and Meaning Finding Giovanni Serrato Parra
Australian College of Applied Psychology

Abstract
The current study explored the hypothesis related with the writing disclosure and its correlation with meaning finding and resiliency that for consequences ends in positive emotions. The study was conducted with 153 students over the same class and divided randomly into two groups; control group, which was compared with experimental group on three different sections along the research. The first section measured and compared the increase of positive affect in the groups. Afterwards, compared the high scores to determine higher meaning finding. The third section compare to the control group, those with high score on resiliency to determine changes in positive affect. The results supported the assumptions and corroborated previous theories with respect to resiliency and emotional appraisals.

Written Disclosure As a Relevant Factor of Resilience and Meaning Finding In terms of studying emotions and its behavioral disclosure, there are plenty of researches by multidisciplinary fields that have analysed psychological and physiological results within these aspects (e.g., Tugade & Fredrickson, 2004). Investigators have the intent to appraise the general conditions and stimuli of the different classification of emotions that in addition determines and varies from negative emotions and positives emotions, as well as the resiliency, which approaches to homeostasis on the individuals. Therefore, the definition of resilience, according to Herrman H. (2011) “Resilience refers to positive adaptation, or the ability to maintain or regain mental health, despite experiencing adversity”. Other studies have suggested some theories related with resilience appraisal, for instance, broaden-and-build theory represents the possibility that positive emotions were facilitators of adaptive recovery, eliminating the arousal generated by negative emotions (Fredrickson, 1998, 2001. In Wallace, Bisconti & Bergeman, 2006). In the other hand, those who were low resilient were likely to have difficulties regulating adversity and exhibit heightened reactivity to stressful situations (Wallace, et al., 2006). There are also individual differences; obviously, not every one has got the same ability of coping positive emotions and using strategies to engage an emotional recovery, known as emotional knowledge (Barrett, Gross, Christensen, & Benvenuto, 2001 in Tugade & Fredrickson, 2004). Previous works have used different methods to find out how high resilient and low resilient subjects react to positive emotions in terms of replicate and corroborate existing theories. Tugade and Fredrickson (2004) were focused on physiological aspects. However, this study showed little concern using mediating factor, such as writing task that can be relevant for the differences in positive meaning finding and resiliency. This research aims to examine the role of written disclosure related with positive affect, how this can be measure to determine level of meaning finding and finally, it will intent to corroborate previous theories about the positive affect of emotions driven by levels of resiliency. Therefore, the first hypothesis of this study was that self-reporting or intense positive experiences would increase the positive affect of emotions. In the second hypothesis we predicted that positive writing disclosure would express a higher level of meaning finding in experimental group. The last hypothesis was that resilient participants would obtain greater positive affect emotions when writing about positive experiences. Method

Participants
This research compared two groups of participants (experimental group) and (control group) in total 153 participants were randomly selected, mean age (M = 30.01, SD = 9,83)...

References: Block, J. H., Kremen, A. M. (1996). IQ and ego-resiliency: Conceptual and empirical connections and separateness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol 70, 349-361
Feldman Barrett, l., Gross. J., Christensen. T. C., & Benvenuto, M. (2001) Kowing what you’re feeling and knowing what to do about it: Mapping the relation between emotion differentiation and emotion regulation. Cognition and Emotion, 15, 713-724
Herrman. H., Steward. E. D. (2011) What is Resilience, La Revue Canadenne de Psychiatrie, Vol. 56, No. 5.
Tugage. M. M., Fredrickson. B. L., (2004) Resilien Individuals Use Positive Emotions to Bounce Back From Native Emotional Experience. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Vol. 86, No. 2, 320-333
Wallace. K. A., Bergeman. C. S., Bisconti. T, L. (2006) Psychological Resilience, Positive Emotions, and Successful Stress in Later Life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. Vol. 91, No4, 730-739
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