There are three different styles of writing in health and social care; journalistic, Scientific and reflective. Each is different in terms of style, presentation, format, language and structure. Journalistic writing is in the style of formal writing and is descriptive as it is describing what has happened so the audience can understand fully. It is often in the format of paragraphs of the relevant sections and includes headlines and subheadings which could be used to attract the attention of the audience and sum of what the piece of writing is about. The structure of journalistic writing is in logical order which is organised in paragraphs sometimes under subheadings and the language of the writing can include speech from people that have been interview and may therefore include opinions. Finally presentation of journalistic writing Will include bold headings and photographs which may also be used to attract the audience’s attention. Scientific writings presentation will often use figures such as tables and graphs but do not use headings. It is also not very eye catching. Its style is informative an explanatory, it will not describe things to you it will explain it, so you are learning and understanding, it is also in a formal writing style. The format is also arranged in paragraphs. Its structure is organised in a logical order and its language uses facts and figures from original research and doesn’t use pronouns. Reflective writing is an informal style and will describe something, look back on it and may say what could have been changed and done better, it may be like having a conversation with you. Its format may be arranged in paragraphs or may be just one big paragraph. The structure is often organised in a certain order, you describe what happened, say how it made you feel and how you could of done it differently or whether you would of changed it or not. The language is informal, uses pronouns and third person as in reflective writing you are talking about yourself and therefore may use slang. The presentation may include drawings or photographs but also may be a written piece. Each style I different in many ways, journalistic and scientific writing will not include pronouns and third person, however reflective writing will. Scientific writing is the only writing that will use original research and use facts and figures and is explanatory, and finally journalistic is usually the one that includes speech and uses headings and subheadings. Each one is written for s specific audience, scientific is written for other scientists and may be used by students for researching. It reaches the needs for the audience as they will be able to use the research in their own work and build up on it and they will know the source is reliable. Journalistic writing is intended to stand out and appeal to the audience so they will be interested, by using photographs and speech, they can use this as evidence that the piece of writing is true and reliable. Finally reflective writing doesn’t have an intended audience; it is used by the writer to look back on what they have done so they can decide on how to improve it and what they would have changed. Task 2
Pamphlet - http://www.michigan.gov/documents/MRSA_brochure_FINAL_167898_7.pdf The purpose of the pamphlets research is to inform people on what MRSA is how to prevent you from getting infected and how to control and treat the infection. The intended audience will be patients who think they may be infected or patients who may be at risk of contact with the infection, as well as people who are just looking for information on the infection. They have avoided plagiarism by printing the publishers and copyrighting the pamphlet as well as including the name “Michigan Department of community health” and explaining that they used them for support into writing the pamphlet. There is a bibliography of website where you can find information on MRSA and there is also the names of the organisations that they used to support gathering the information and writing the pamphlet. However there are no references or indexs. The writing style of the pamphlet explanatory, it is suitable as it is explaining what MRSA is, it is also prescriptive and it is telling you what to do if you are infected and how to prevent it. Newspaper Article - http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/267041.php The purpose of this website is to describe to people how Gloves and Gowns do not prevent MRSA spreading in the intensive care unit. The intended audience is Staff in the intensive care unit and such as nurses as well as patients and visitors of that unit. Plagiarism has been avoided by copyrighting the website to “Medical News Today”. No bibliography or index has been used. The writing style is descriptive, it describes how gloves and gowns don’t prevent MRSA to let people know how it doesn’t as well has using facts to support it. Website - http://www.nhs.uk/Conditions/MRSA/Pages/Prevention.aspx The purpose of the website is to explain how everyone who enters a hospital such as, staff patients and visitors can prevent the risk of being infected by MRSA. The intended audience is will be anyone who is thinking about going to hospital to visit someone who is infected. There is no evidence that plagiarism has been avoided and there also has been no bibliography, index, or references included. The writing style is prescriptive, as it is telling the audience how they can prevent themselves from getting infected. Journal - http://jac.oxfordjournals.org/content/53/3/552.full The purpose of this journal is to describe what professional’s current knowledge on MRSA is and the different methods of approaching to treat it, so the writing style is descriptive. The intended audience is Students studying the topic and health care professionals such as doctors who want to look into the infection a little more. They have the names and dates of the resources used at the top for a bibliography. They have included their name and address of her place of at the bottom to help avoid plagiarism.