Wounds and Bleeding (1st Aid)

Topics: Blood, Wound, First aid Pages: 2 (781 words) Published: March 23, 2013
Wounds and Bleedings
Wounds: An injury, especially one in which the skin or another external surface is torn, pierced, cut, or otherwise broken. Types of wounds:
* Incision (Clean cut): is usually caused by a sharp object, usually a knife or razor. This type of wound may be deep, but will usually heal quickly, it can be treated by your doctors as they can stitch, tissue glue, or tape strips to close the incision. And you will need to keep the area clean, change the dressing according to your doctor's instructions, and watch for signs of infection. * Laceration (Skin Tear): is caused by a tear in the skin which results from an injury. You do not need to see a doctor if the tear does not involve the full thickness of the skin. Most minor lacerations have minimal bleeding, minimal pain and no numbness or tingling at the site. Laceration can be treated by cleaning the laceration area well with warm water and an antibacterial soap, or apply an antibiotic cream. The wound will take longer than an incised to heal and leave a scar. * Abrasion (Graze): is a minor abrasion takes places when a friction-based injury removes part of the outermost layer of skin from a small portion of the injured person's body. Minor abrasions generally involve very little bleeding, a minimal amount of pain, and a lack of real danger to the victim. The way to treat it is to run warm water over the minor abrasion to clean any surface dirt and debris out of the wounded area, dry the area fully and gently then apply antibacterial gel to the minor abrasion freely, including the skin just on the perimeter of the injury. This will, once again, help minimize the chance of infection developing. * Contusion (Bruise): is also commonly referred to as bruising, although the outer layer of skin may appear undamaged, there may have been extensive damage to underlying structures. Blood accumulates under the skin causing localised swelling. To treat a bruise anywhere that around the body, you...
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