Role of Guava Leaves (Psidium Guavaja) in Wound Healing
By Marie Curie Group
AQUINO, Jason Benedict M.
CRUZ, Arriane DS
GUTIERREZ, Regine B.
LUI, Charwin Kenneth A.
VILLAMAR, Freidrich Marvin
As the title implies, guava leaf is the main subject for this research. Little had been known that the leaf of this plant has tannin/tannic acid that constitutes to the healing progress of the wound. The researchers would determine the difference between the ointment and the tincture made of guava leaves. This study will be limited to heal specific types of wounds such as abrasion & superficial wounds, exception were people with healing incapability. The experiment would only last for a specified time span of 3-4 days. The researchers had hypothesized that guava ointment can accelerate wound healing faster than the tincture due to the concentration of the leaf extract. In making the ointment, the leaves must be washed, chopped and extracted with the use of oil. Added into it was melted candle wax. The product was been put into a sterile container and solidified. While in making tincture, add a cup of gin to the chopped guava leaves. The researchers conducted the experiment in two different people with the same kind of wound. After 4 days, they concluded that the ointment was way better than the tincture because of the extract’s concentration and the nutritional status of the specimen.
Among the various kinds of wound remedies, the use of herbal plants is very much common and mainly widespread. Herbal plants are not only effective but also cost-efficient. The World Health Organization ( WHO ) has recognized 20,000 plant species with medicinal properties providing several treatments for ailments such as pneumonia, ulcers, diarrhea, colds, and also wounds. This list of plant species includes guava plant ( Psidium guavaja ), coming from the Myrtaceae family, that was profound to be one of the healing agents when it comes to wounds. Guava plant seems to be very varied in terms of its usage. The different parts of its body have their different functions. The researchers focused on tannic acid that can be found in the leaves of the said plant. This kind of compound can accelerate and heal wounds. There were also various classifications on the different kinds of wounds. The researchers would only conduct the experiment on abrasion or superficial wounds which would be classified accordingly as they go along with the research.
* Background of the Study
Guava ( Psidium guavaja ), a native fruit coming from Mexico, Central & South America, and throughout Southeast Asia, was been used in the past as a folk medicine by the so-called witch doctor in certain operations such as circumcision to eliminate certain bacteria or other microorganisms from spreading through the freshly-open wound. At around mid-1900’s, many preliminary medical researchers from laboratories discovered that extracts coming from the leaves of this plant may contribute to the therapeutic mechanisms against diseases like cancer, inflammatory problems, bacterial infections, etc. The researchers had come-up with this kind of study because they had researched that out of guava leaves contains a polyphenolic compound called tannic acid which can accelerate blood clotting, a factor in which can heal wounds. They would prove how this compound/agent constitutes to wound healing by having two different processes involved. * Statement of the Problem
This study aims to determine the effectiveness of both the tincture and ointment made of guava leaves and also the leaves itself on wound healing. It will answer the following set of questions:
* Would the guava leaves be effective in healing wounds or contusions? * Can the guava leaves’ healing capabilities take effect in a limited time span? * Is there a difference in healing between guava leaves tincture and guava ointment? * What type of...
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