Describe and analyze changing views toward the concept of a “civil peace” in Germany from 1914 to 1918.
During the Great War, Germany made the concept of “civil peace”, which approved funds to support military mobilization for the war effort. At the beginning of the war, everyone was united and wanted victory for the war. Later on, as they began to lose, civilians and soldiers alike wanted to get out of the war. In the Great War, the concept of “civil peace” sounded like a great way to win the war, but later on many opposed the situation and lost hope.
In the beginning of the war in 1914, the people of Germany wanted to win this war. “Civil peace” was a great idea because they wanted victory. Emperor Wilhelm II made a speech in 1914 saying that he foresees Germans living happily and that “God will guide the German sword to victory!” (Doc 1). This is from the Emperor himself, and he too wants to win this war. He feels that the only way to achieve that is through the support of the people, and the “civil peace” concept. Also, Helen Simon who is a women’s rights advocate in Germany says that they want only victory (Doc 4). Helen, who is a feminist, finds the war as a good chance for the women to gain rights. The only way is to support the war effort and do as much as they can. She sees victory at hand in two ways. She sees victory in the war, and with the women. But first, they must help win the war. Towards the end of the war, however, people begin to lose their faith in Germany and the war. General Wilhelm Groener, who is the Army Chief of Staff, refuses to give in, and everyone should work twice as hard to get Germany back into the game (Doc 11). He sounds like a very charismatic leader who wants more weapons and victory. This does sound a little harsh, so one can believe that the Germans start to lose trust in their superiors. This is what eventually leads up to World War 2, a need for a strong leader that can lead Germany to victory. On the home front...
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