Causes and Effects of World War II
Causes and Effects of World War II
Two major events signifying global conflicts are the popular World War I and II that comprised of inhuman atrocities and destructions worldwide. World War I started out as a tug-of-war among the European states which all wanted to be the predominant superpower in Europe, especially Germany (Duignan & Gann, 1995). However Germany lost the battle and was imposed on the Treaty of Versailles which demanded her to disarm her army as well as pay the bill of reparations and damages caused. Germany was unhappy with this and decided to continue with the war to take power from the Great Britain who was the then superpower, leading to World War II (WWII). Another cause of WWII was the Great Depression in the 1930s. In October 1929, the world trade and economy suffered a drastic downfall, as it was published on the U.S Wall Street Journal, leading to bankruptcy, huge retrenchment and unemployment, large debts as well as serious political crises (Ross, 2003). To nurse their own economic, financial and political interests, Britain and the U.S started trading only among themselves and this created an overheated enmity and hatred between them and other states worldwide, especially Germany causing conflicts and fighting in the WWII (The editors of the Legacy Publishers, 2007). WWII was increasingly widespread than WWI which was generally restricted to European countries (Ross, 2003). The WWII, which ran from 1939 to 1945, involved more countries outside Europe such as China, the U.S and Japan among others. One of the effects of the war the realization of the United Nations (Ross, 2003) which was formed to stop the inhuman atrocities all over the world and advocate for human rights in all nations, regardless of whether a state was a signatory of the UN or not. Another effect of the war was the bushfire spread of technological advancements that shaped the world in its knowledge industries especially in the war and military sectors (Ross, 2003). The use of air warfare, bombers and missiles, blockades and submarines and better engineered naval battles acted as an ingredient in technological betterment. There were also acknowledgeable improvements on the cultural, political and economic industries in the Western countries (Duignan & Gann, 1995). War-torn cities were reconstructed and the unemployed masses rehired, improving the living standards. Another effect of the WWII was decolonization where slightly after the war, the European powers pulled out of their colonies. The European civilians had just experienced a traumatizing war that involved a lot of merciless murders that they were simply exhausted and unhappy with the dictatorial mannerisms of the colonial masters in their declared colonies (Duignan & Gann, 1995). As a show of their disapproval, the media, parliamentarians, universities, churches as well the independence movements from indigenous countries together with the Soviet Union and the U.S criticized these powers and pushed for freedom. To conclude, WWII causes were simply a case of bad energy built up for many years, like a bomb waiting to explode and when the timing hits zero, it explodes with all its might. The effects were both positive and negative as some shaped the world in the case of formation of the UN while others led to even worse situations like the atomic bombings.
Peter, D., & Lewis, H. G. (1995). World War Two in Europe: Causes, Course, and Consequences. California: Hoover Press. Stewart, R. (2003). Causes and Consequences of the Second World War. London: Evans Brothers. The editors of Legacy Publishers. (2007). Economic Woes Lead to World War II. Europe After World War I: November 1918-August 1931. Retrieved from <http://history.howstuffworks.com/world-war-i/europe-after-world-war-1.htm>