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World War

By jaspersmom Jan 15, 2013 1207 Words
World War II
Martyna Purvis
U. S. History
Daniel Vogel
November 18, 2012

Abstract

The World War II, was a global military conflict that, was in terms of lives lost and destruction, was the most devastating war in human history. The World War II began in 1939 as a European conflict between Germany and an Anglo-French first started but grew to include most of the nations of the world. It ended in 1945, leaving a new world order that was dominated by the United States and the USSR.

More than any previous war, World War II involved the commitment of nations' entire human and economic resources, the unclear of the distinction between combatant and noncombatant, and the land of the battlefield now included all of the enemy's territory. The most important determinants of its outcome were industrial capacity and personnel. In the last stages of the war, two new weapons were used for the first time the long-range rocket and the atomic bomb.

World War II also known as the Second World War was a global war that was in motion by 1939 and came to an end in 1945. This war involved the majority of the world’s nation, with that forming two opposing military alliances the Allies and the Axis. World War II was the most widespread in history it than most 100 million people serving in military units. When in a state of total war the major of the nation’s participants placed their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities at the service of the war efforts, deleting the distinction between civilian and the military resources. Stained by the events ending in a mass of deaths of civilians this including the Holocaust and the only use of nuclear weapons in warfare, it involved 50 million to over 70 million fatalities. World War II by far was the deadliest conflict ever in all of human history.

The inconstancy created in Europe by the First World War set the stage for another international conflict World War II. Gaining power in an economically and politically unstable Germany, Adolf Hitler and his National Socialist rearmed the nation and signed treaties with Italy and Japan to further his drive of world domination. Hitler's invasion of Poland in September 1939 drove Great Britain and France to start a war on Germany. Over the next several years, the conflict would take more lives and destroy more land and property around the globe than any previous war. Causing so much sadness among the estimated 45-60 million people killed were 6 million Jews murdered in Nazi concentration camps being part of Hitler's diabolical "Final Solution," now known as the Holocaust.

The word "Holocaust," from the Greek words "holos" which is whole and "kaustos" which is burned, was historically used to describe a sacrificial offering burned on an altar. In 1945, the

words have taken on a new, awful, and frighten meaning the mass deaths of some 6 million European Jews by the German Nazi regime during the Second World War. To the anti-Semitic Nazi leader Adolf Hitler, Jews were a less of importance race, an alien threat to German racial purity and community. After years of Nazi rule in Germany, during which Jews were consistently persecuted, Hitler's idea of the prefect way to fix everything was now known as the Holocaust, came to fruition under the cover of world war, with mass killing centers in the concentration camps of occupied Poland.

Although the Empire of Japan was already at war with the Republic of China in 1937, the world war is generally said to have started on 1 September 1939. The invasion of Poland by Germany, and declarations of war on Germany by France and most of the countries of the British Empire and Commonwealth. Germany set out to gain all of the control over a large empire in Europe. From late 1939 to early 1941, in an order or campaigns and treaties, Germany took over most of continental Europe. Following the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, the nominally neutral Soviet Union fully invaded, occupied and annexed territories of its six European neighbor’s and also Poland. The United Kingdom and its Commonwealth remained the only two major forces continuing the fight against the Axis, with battles taking place in North Africa as well as the continuing Battle of the Atlantic. In June 1941, the European Axis set-off an invasion of the Soviet Union, giving a jump start to the largest land theatre of war in history. In December 1941, the Empire of Japan joined Axis and quickly conquered and powered most of the West Pacific.

The Axis advance was finished in 1942, with the lost of several naval battles in Japan. Also European Axis military were defeated in Northern Africa. In 1943, with a events of German’s defeats in Eastern Europe, the Allied invasion of Fascist Italy, and American victories in the Pacific, the Axis lost the initiative and undertook strategic retreat on all the fronts.

World War II was the war of course following World War I and there were three major powers that had been dissatisfied with the outcome of World War I. Germany, the principal defeated nation, resented the territorial losses and reparations payments imposed on it by the Treaty of Versailles. Italy, one of the victors, found its territorial gains far from enough either to offset the cost of the war or to satisfy its greed. Japan, also a victor, was unhappy about its failure to gain all power and control of China. With that set in the cause of the war, France, Great Britain, and the U.S. had attained their wartime goals. They had reduced Germany to a military cipher and had redirected Europe and the world as they saw fit and accomplished. The French and the British frequently were not on the same page with how policies in the postwar period were, however, and they were also unsure of their ability to conquered the peace settlement. The U.S., disillusioned by the Europeans' failure to repay their war debts, retreated into isolationism.

Then came the failure of peace efforts in the 1920’s, few attempts were made to gain a stable peace. Starting with the first establishment of the League of Nations , in which nations could handle their own problems. The league’s issues would be limited to persuasion and various levels of a moral code and economic standard of the members were free to carry out what they felt was fair. When the Washington Conference of 1921-1922, principal powers agreed to limit their navies to a fixed ratio. Locarno Conference in 1925 also came up with a treaty that guarantee of German and French boundary and an arbitration agreement between Germany and Poland. The Paris Peace Pact in 1928, over sixty countries including all the powered except the USSR renounced war as a tool of national policy and pledged to resolve all disputes among them "by pacific means." The signatories had agreed beforehand to exempt wars of "self-defense."

References
World War 2 Timeline
http://www.worldwar-2.net/
World War II
www.besthistorysites.net/index.php/ww2
World War II (1939-45) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/648813/World-War-II

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