World War 1

Topics: World War I, World War II, Ottoman Empire Pages: 3 (572 words) Published: February 27, 2014
-World War I (WWI) was a global war centered in Europe that began on 28 July 1914 and lasted until 11 November 1918.

-It was predominantly called the World War or the Great War from its occurrence until the start of World War II in 1939, and the First World War or World War I thereafter.

-It involved all the world's great powers which were assembled in two opposing alliances: the Allies (based on the Triple Entente of the United Kingdom, France and Russia) and the Central Powers These alliances were both reorganized and expanded as more nations entered the war: Italy, Japan and the United States joined the Allies, and the Ottoman Empire and Bulgaria the Central Powers.

-More than 70 million military personnel, including 60 million Europeans, were mobilized in one of the largest wars in history. More than 9 million combatants were killed, largely because of technological advancements that led to enormous increases in the lethality of weapons without corresponding improvements in protection or mobility.

-It was the sixth-deadliest conflict in world history, subsequently paving the way for various political changes, such as revolutions in many of the nations involved.

-One of the long-term causes of the war was the resurgence of imperialism in the foreign policies of the great powers of Europe.

-The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria, the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary, on 28 June 1914 by Yugoslav nationalist Gavril Princip in Sarajevo triggered a diplomatic crisis when Austria-Hungary subsequently delivered an ultimatum to the Kingdom of Serbia.

Soldiers on Europe's Western Front fought in cramped, muddy trenches under continual threat of death. The inhuman conditions and constant fear caused many to suffer from what was then called "shell shock."

-The defeat of the Ottoman Empire and the horrors of the Armenian genocide were there .

-Toward the end of the war, a worldwide epidemic of a virulent strain...
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